South Africa


After Zondo findings, what will ANC do about ‘Gupta Minister’ Mosebenzi Zwane?

After Zondo findings, what will ANC do about ‘Gupta Minister’ Mosebenzi Zwane?
Former mineral resources minister Mosebenzi Zwane. (Photos: Gallo Images / Business Day / Trevor Samson | Sowetan / Veli Nhlapo)

With the ANC claiming to be undergoing a process of ‘renewal', and with the possibility of a national-stage loss in 2024, it now appears that the party is about to face a major test in front of voters. With the Zondo Commission making clear findings about Mosebenzi Zwane, it is still not clear that the party is, in the real world, going to act against him.

While it is relying on internal processes and a “task team” to guide the party on how to handle the Zondo findings, it is uncertain that voters have the patience to wait for this process. In short, what happens to Mosebenzi Zwane could soon indicate whether the ANC is serious about its “renewal” or not.

Astonishingly, even top leaders in the party cannot yet even hint at what they want, or think is going to happen.

Zwane is the Chair of Parliament’s Portfolio Committee on Transport. He is expected to chair meetings in Parliament aimed at holding Ministers to account.

That is despite Chief Justice Raymond Zondo stating, “…Zwane had cooperated with the Guptas while serving as MEC in the Free State provincial government, where his departments had performed very poorly, and he was brought specially into the National Assembly so that President Zuma could appoint him as minister of mineral resources.”

‘Gupta Minister’

He also says, “…there can be no explanation why President Zuma overlooked so many able and competent ANC MPs and brought Mr Zwane from outside parliament so that he could appoint him to the position of minister of mineral resources… In the light of the above, it can safely be concluded that Mr Zwane was a Gupta minister in the sense that he must have been appointed at their instance or request or with their blessing.”

It is important to note this is not a political opinion, it is a finding by the now Chief Justice of South Africa.

Zondo also recommends that Zwane be investigated with a view to prosecution for fraud.

Despite those findings there has been no public call by anyone within the ANC for him to step aside or resign.

And at least one senior leader, who may well contest for the position of Deputy President of the ANC, has refused to answer direct questions about Zwane.

Speaking on SAfm last week, Justice Minister Ronald Lamola was asked directly whether he believes Zwane can remain in his position. Lamola refused to respond, saying:

“It’s a vital question, but at this stage, you have invited me to speak here as the Minister of Justice in response to the recommendations of the report.”

When he was pressed on the issue he said, “I’m not abdicating my responsibility, it is only fair that this question is directed to the ANC and that it is the ANC that deals with such matters. And at this stage, it has not been considered.”

The process Lamola is referring to is a task team set up by the ANC to “guide” it in its response to the Zondo findings. The team consists of Lamola himself, former Minister Jeff Radebe, former ANC policy chief Joel Netshitenzhe and former Gauteng Speaker Lindiwe Maseko.
It is understood that this team will make recommendations to the NEC, which will then take final decisions on those implicated.

While all of this may explain the situation in the ANC and its internal process, it is not certain how much voters will care about its internal processes.

Two truths stand out here: Zwane was a Gupta Minister, and only the ANC can remove him from his position.

This is a strong indication of the problems facing the party. For those who defend Zwane, there is the technical position that he has, so far, not been charged criminally by the NPA.

While this is technically correct under the current interpretation of the ANC’s step-aside rule, it also ignores what ANC delegates actually voted on at Nasrec five years ago.

At that conference, delegates said that they “…demand that every cadre accused of, or reported to be involved in, corrupt practices accounts to the Integrity Committee immediately or faces DC processes”, and that they must “…summarily suspend people who fail to give an acceptable explanation or to voluntarily step down, while they face disciplinary, investigative or prosecutorial procedures”.

In many ways, this resolution goes much further than the NEC’s step-aside rule. And, technically, it has more power. It is the resolution of a conference, which is above the NEC in terms of ANC structures.

Despite that, the party has so far only implemented its NEC resolution, which requires someone to be charged before stepping aside.

All of this gets to the heart of the ANC’s real longer-term problem, which is that delegates at conferences can vote to pass a resolution demanding people accused of corruption step down, and also vote someone like Ace Magashule into an important position.

For the next few weeks, it is likely that the ANC will concentrate on its internal processes. At some point, when officials feel the time is right, the task team will report to the NEC and, presumably, provide its guidance on how the ANC should respond to Zondo’s reports. It is there that some recommendations may or may not be made about Zwane.

At the same time, the ANC is trying to tell voters it is going through a process of renewal. It also claims to have heard their anger at corruption within its ranks, and is about to change its ways.

But voters may feel entitled to ask where the evidence is? What is the difference between how the ANC is dealing with Zwane, and how it dealt with similar situations during the State Capture era? An era it now claims to condemn.

How many times has the ANC claimed that it is dealing with corrupt people, or that people should trust its own processes?

In 2016 it promised that then secretary-general Gwede Mantashe would investigate the claims, accepted by Zondo, that Mcebisi Jonas had been offered a massive bribe by the Guptas. Nothing came of the investigation.

And how many times have voters been left disappointed?

Currently, despite the party’s claims that it can deal with those who are corrupt within its ranks, former Health Minister Dr Zweli Mkhize is campaigning for a senior position. Despite the particularly strong evidence against him from the Digital Vibes scandal, that he enabled people to steal money during a pandemic.

Digital Vibes scandal: The story behind the story

This is a party that allows a man convicted of hitting a woman, Mduduzi Manana, to be elected to its national executive committee.

Mduduzi Manana found guilty on three assault charges – but will he face jail time?

It also elected a proven liar, Malusi Gigaba, to the same body.

Malusi Gigaba & The Art of Lying for a Living

It seems impossible to imagine a corporate in the private sector appointing a corruption accused, a liar and a man convicted of gender-based violence to its board?

And yet the ANC appears to have no problem with this.

This suggests that despite the fact the ANC is in danger of losing power in national government in just two years’ time, it believes its internal process, and power balance, are more important. That protecting Zwane, allowing him to remain in his position for internal party reasons, is more important than keeping a promise to voters.

It may also be important to mention one other aspect of this.
Nothing stops Zwane from simply resigning. It would be an indication that he both accepts the Zondo findings, and that he understands he should act in the interests of his own party.

He has not done so, which surely proves that he feels absolutely no shame at what he has done.

For voters, the absence of shame, both from Zwane and from the party that keeps him in his position, may well be the strongest message to come from this. And it is a message that may well cost the ANC dearly. DM


[hearken id=”daily-maverick/9472″]


Comments - Please in order to comment.

  • Piet Van Dee Linde says:

    Since the ANC came into power their main purpose was to govern in such a way that they can steal with immunity.

  • virginia crawford says:

    The ANC embraces and protects their deeply corrupt fat cats: nothing new there. What will their task team do? Let’s guess – nothing st all? Not much? Make him an ambassador? What free speech is there if powerful people are too afraid, or unwillingly, to speak? Perhaps they all have so much dirt on each other, that mafia-like rules of silence apply. Or Stalinist central party rules? Stalin and the mafia do seem to be the ANC’s role models.

  • Bryan Macpherson says:

    “surely proves that he feels absolutely no shame at what he has done” – yes, and neither does the ANC. That, unfortunately, goes to the heart of the problem in South Africa. Neither the ANC nor its Ministers have a semblance of shame about what has been done.

  • Peter Dexter says:

    Although the word “Ethics” is used extensively within the ANC and Parliament, it is clear that the members have no idea of its meaning. They refer to ethical standards but continually refer to the principle of innocent until proven guilty. Ethics implies holding one to a standard higher then the law requires. Yes, you must comply with the law, but to act ethically one must do what is morally right, even if the law does not require it. How many ANC leaders can honestly say they have always done the right thing, even when no one was watching?

  • Hermann Funk says:

    Stephen, you are supplying enough evidence in the above article that the ANC is not renewable. Further confirmation by this is just being “supplied” by the fiasco at the EC regional conference.

    The damage done to the country through corruption should be considered as treason. Anyone guilty of treason should arrested, kept in jail until the day when courts are in session. Their treacherous behaviour deserves NO mercy.

  • Rod Stewart says:

    The ANC is cabal of cowards and thieves, nothing more. The only uncertainty is the ratio of cowards to thieves.

  • André Pelser says:

    Clearly the ANC leadership does not respect it members, has no shame and abuses the unity mantra to avoid reckoning. It seems that the abundance of smallyana skeletons has a paralytic effect. Where are the ethical and principled individuals in the ranks of the ANC that are collectively responsible for NEC decisions and inaction? Is patronage power, funded by the taxpayer and insider beneficiaries of tendtrepreneurship, so entrenched? It seems that the only solution is a rout at the polls.
    Internal processes should not be an obstacle to transparency in matters of public, national interest.

  • Nothing. They will do nothing because if they start the process, then most of the leadership will have to go too, (smallanyana skeletons…) and that can’t be allowed to happen! Expect lots of kicking the can down the road.

  • Jimbo Smith says:

    This recurring question should cause massive shame to the ANC leadership but sadly, this putrid excuse for a political party simply does not have the integrity, moral compass, backbone or will to do anything other than sweep the rot under the carpet while the plunder continues!

  • Craig King says:

    Except it won’t. The electorate admires self enrichment because the majority doesn’t pay tax.

  • Paul Zille says:

    It pains one to say this but Zondo increasingly looks like an expensive smokescreen and diversion – designed to give the impression that ‘something is being done’ while the perpetrators of capture, crime and corruption – all deeply embedded in the ANC – are allowed to get away with it.

  • jairo.arrow says:

    President Mbeki dismissed his then VP, JZ, when the latter was charged with corruption.
    President Ramaphosa is not acting against any of his cabinet appointees, corrupt or who are straightforward showing him the proverbial middle finger, like Princess Sizulu.
    The ANC is a pig stall where animals eat their offsprings during time of food scarcity to survive. It’s a gloomy future for a once respected organisation.

  • Alley Cat says:

    But we KNOW that the ANC members have NO shame and the 3 mentioned above are particularly devoid of moral principles.
    How can you have shame if you have no conscience?

  • Clive McGill says:

    While I have no faith in the ANC doing anything despite what they tell us, (I believe they are too far gone and too marred in corruption to ‘self-correct’) if it is to do something, it has to be done soon and the action needs to be truly meaningful/far-reaching.

  • Stephen T says:

    Ah, but will this cost the ANC dearly in the next elections? I’m not so sure. A little bit of playful violence and intimidation goes a long, long way in South Africa during elections. Nobody knows this better than the ANC themselves (except maybe Zanu-PF).

  • Ashley Stone says:

    No more words left! It has all been said before.They clearly do not give a damn and have made a sham of the ANC’s original stated goals. No more words…People please get a freaking clue and vote!! This has become form of perverted torture. “We vote for them, they torture and steal from us but we love them and keep voting for them!” This is madness! No wonder they don’t take action as there is nothing to lose, no consequences and in fact zero why not? No words…

  • Johan Buys says:

    Does step-aside apply from being implicated or from having charges laid?

  • Hilary Morris says:

    There is little to be said. We have reached speechless and beyond. Perhaps the worst of them all is our once respected president who has shown all the integrity of a grifter par excelllence. His mealy mouthed utterings and empty promises prompt little more than a swift lunge for the off button on whatever platform the ‘news’ is being conveyed. We are doomed until this government is evicted from office.

  • Joe Soap says:

    After Zondo findings, what will ANC do about ‘Gupta Minister’ Mosebenzi Zwane? I believe he would be in line for another promotion. He has shown he has all the skills required by the ANC. This talk of renewal is clearly as hollow as all the ANC’s previous election promises.

Please peer review 3 community comments before your comment can be posted


This article is free to read.

Sign up for free or sign in to continue reading.

Unlike our competitors, we don’t force you to pay to read the news but we do need your email address to make your experience better.

Nearly there! Create a password to finish signing up with us:

Please enter your password or get a sign in link if you’ve forgotten

Open Sesame! Thanks for signing up.

MavericKids vol 3

How can a child learn to read if they don't have a book?

81% of South African children aged 10 can't read for meaning. You can help by pre-ordering a copy of MavericKids.

For every copy sold we will donate a copy to Gift of The Givers for children in need of reading support.

A South African Hero: You

There’s a 99.8% chance that this isn’t for you. Only 0.2% of our readers have responded to this call for action.

Those 0.2% of our readers are our hidden heroes, who are fuelling our work and impacting the lives of every South African in doing so. They’re the people who contribute to keep Daily Maverick free for all, including you.

The equation is quite simple: the more members we have, the more reporting and investigations we can do, and the greater the impact on the country.

Be part of that 0.2%. Be a Maverick. Be a Maverick Insider.

Support Daily Maverick→
Payment options