Business Maverick

TAXING TIMES

Luxury vehicle audits yield more than R650m as SARS goes after ultra wealthy

Luxury vehicle audits yield more than R650m as SARS goes after ultra wealthy
(Photo: Gallo Images / Fani Mahuntsi)

Although there was no announcement of a ‘wealth tax’ this year, the government is tightening up the rules and tax requirements of trusts.

The perception that the South African Revenue Service (SARS) is out to get the little guy is not true, insists commissioner Edward Kieswetter, who says he has the figures to back him up.

During his tenure as SARS deputy commissioner, which predated the State Capture era, Kieswetter was responsible for creating units that targeted high net wealth individuals and large corporations.

SARS re-established a division to focus on the tax affairs of the wealthy two years ago. And, in September last year, it issued a warning about heightened scrutiny of trusts, citing its analysis of tax compliance by trusts and beneficiaries.

The tax authority also launched “lifestyle audits” last year. These, Kieswetter explains, are audits that are triggered when taxpayers display wealth that cannot be reasonably accounted for.

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“We find examples of people declaring a low income yet they have luxury cars or homes in Bantry Bay. We can check this because we have access to bank records, the deeds office register, and Natis [the National Traffic Information System, an electronic database that manages and tracks vehicle registration and licensing],” he says.

When it comes to trusts, Kieswetter says SARS is now looking at beneficial ownership.

“You may have bought a car through [a] trust, but often the beneficiary is the person who paid the money. We follow the money trail, and if you’re the beneficial owner, we would have to ask you how you obtained the money to buy the car if you haven’t disclosed income to afford it,” he says.

Minimising tax obligations

Kieswetter told Business Maverick that SARS has carried out 17 lifestyle audits in the year to January, raising assessments to the value of more than R200-million. Another 65 luxury vehicle audits yielded assessments worth more than R650-million.

He said wealthy individuals spend millions to create complicated structures that increase the gap between beneficial ownership and legal ownership. These arrangements often involve offshore entities, companies and trusts – all designed to minimise their tax obligation.

“We look for related party transactions,” Kieswetter says. “We have to provide South Africans with assurance that transactions have been handled properly in terms of foreign exchange regulations and tax disclosures.”

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) greylisted South Africa on Friday, 24 February, after flagging strategic deficiencies to counter money laundering, illicit financial flows and terrorist financing.

Read more in Daily Maverick: “It’s official — South Africa fails to avoid greylisting

Elzahne Henn, director and head of private clients at Mazars in South Africa, says SARS has identified significant noncompliance, in particular the number of beneficiaries of trusts who are not declaring distributions as well as trusts that are not registered as taxpayers.

Although all trusts have to be registered as taxpayers and file tax returns, Henn says the registration function on e-filing for trusts has been challenging.

“The system was enhanced this month [February] to allow capturing of the beneficial owner’s details to comply with the FATF requirements for beneficial owner transparency,” she says.

Significant discrepancies

Although South African tax law does not explicitly define beneficial owners, SARS guidelines state that the main trustee has to record the details of the trust founder, the trustees, donors (anyone who donates assets, income or any other property to the trust), protector and beneficiaries. This has to be done through the online query system.

Henn says the ultimate beneficial owner will always be a natural person. If the trust has legal entities listed as beneficial owners, the person who will benefit from the assets or income of a trust must be identified and their details disclosed. If a trust has more than 10 people listed as beneficial owners, the main trustee has to upload an organogram.

Significant discrepancies between distributions declared in the tax returns of beneficiaries and those declared in the tax returns of trusts have led to the introduction of third-party data reporting by trustees.

The first reporting date is still to be promulgated, but SARS has indicated that it will be September 2023. BM/DM

Gallery

Comments - Please in order to comment.

  • Phil Baker says:

    It was one of the most galling headlines in year 2 of Covid that Lamborghini’s Johannesburg sales room reported its best ever sales that year while most of the country was on its knees. I guess their sales ledger would point SARS in the right direction.

  • Katharine Ambrose says:

    All those political crooks with a stable of fancy cars and other bling should soon be in Kieswetters sights.

  • Gordon Bentley says:

    Yes, Yes, Yes. Nail the fat cats who have stolen a lot of money, with impunity, from us. The more the merrier.

  • Craig A says:

    It can’t be too difficult to find people living way beyond their means. Just look at our government. And some of our policemen that drive cars that cost more than their salary.
    And of course, Cyril, who stashed R 70 million in his couch. There must be a handful of laws that he broke. And we wonder why we got ‘greylisted” for among other things, money laundering. Lets see some prosecutions and then maybe the residents of RSA will start to believe SARS.

    • Philip Wernberg says:

      Instead of disqualifying my Home Office claim, which was a very small amount less than 6000, SARS should be targeting all the municipality management and procurement officers and a large number of our police force and Ministers. We don’t see any prosecution of these tax offenders but my rebate claim for 6000 is rejected; so all that effort to want to send an inspector from SARS to look at the room I use for my office only to gain 6000 is ludicrous, send that official to the car dealers Ferrari, Bently etc.

  • Jane Crankshaw says:

    In KZN, a segment of new luxury car owners have decided not to display their number plates and in some cases not even their licence discs! This is the new way to avoid a Lifestyle Audit based on the luxury car you drive. As a matter of interest, I drove around the undercover parking at Durban’s airport and counted ( and photographed! ) at least 8 luxury cars ( mostly BMW) without number plates and some of them without license discs! Whilst this is a punishable offence ( your car can be impounded for this infraction! No one seems to care – the traffic cops are too busy eating Nando’s in the Gateway Mall after accepting “ spot fines” from perpetrators!!!!

    • Frans Flippo says:

      I see so many of these driving around in Johannesburg as well! It would be a simple cooperation between JMPD and SARS to pick these guys off the streets, take away their cars, and jail them until they’ve paid their tax debt, but JMPD seems more interested in making the life of taxis difficult and fining people for going 10km over the speed limit on the downhill of a low-risk road.

      • Exactly that. In the Garden Route we now have road blocks (with internet, generators, tap & pay, the works) where traffic police now “assist” citizens to pay their fines. You get the choice of a court date or to swipe a card. Incredible execution of exactly these “71 in a 60 zone” infractions, while I have on two occasions seen these very same cops doing 80 in 60 zones. Infuriating.

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