Maverick Citizen

OP-ED

Adam Habib is no racist; he should be reinstated at Soas University of London without delay

Adam Habib. (Photo: Gallo Images / Sunday Times / Waldo Swiegers)

Professor Adam Habib, the new director of the School of Oriental and African Studies (Soas) in London, was asked to step aside a few weeks ago. Habib previously served as vice-chancellor at the University of the Witwatersrand, one of South Africa’s leading academic institutions. He was asked to step aside after he used the ‘n-word’ in a Zoom meeting with student leaders at Soas.

Based on the original video clip circulating on social media, these are the facts. During the meeting, a participant read a question from another student asking how the School of Oriental and African Studies could make statements about Black Lives Matter “while underfunding the Africa Department… and allowing lecturers to say the n-word in class”. Habib responded by verbalising the word, saying its use would be a disciplinary matter, and urging students to bring such incidents to his attention.

Several students were visibly upset with Habib for uttering the word. One student, who is black, said that Habib is not allowed to use that word because he is not black, and had not “suffered 500 years of oppression that black bodies go through every day”. Habib became defensive, and even clumsy, saying that the n-word does get used “where I come from… in context”. He also apologised for uttering the word.

All this was captured in a 1-minute video clip (edited down from the 12-minute original) that circulated on Twitter. The reaction was loud and swift. In South Africa, a vocal cohort of former Wits University students circulated the demand #HabibMustFall, recalling the acrimonious relationship they had with their former vice chancellor during the #FeesMustFall campaign of 2016.

Meanwhile, across the Atlantic in the US state of Oklahoma, sports announcer Matt Rowan was caught on a hot mic during a basketball game saying, “I hope Norman gets their a…. kicked, f…… n…….” This, after the Norman High School girls basketball team “took the knee” at the start of a game. Rowan apologised and blamed diabetes. Apparently, he becomes extremely racist when his sugar levels drop.

The two cases are instructive as America’s identity politics go viral. Rowan is evidently a straight-up racist. Habib is a black man who suffered racial oppression in his native land, was an activist against apartheid in his youth, became a professor of politics, and now heads an academic institution. Yet the lens of wokeness and identity politics filters out history and context to present both individuals in the same light.

In the United States, where the n-word has indelible connections to chattel slavery and Jim Crow, the racist announcer kept his job. Habib, on the other hand, has been forced to step aside after saying, in context, that the use of the n-word would result in disciplinary action. He faces an organised social media campaign that seeks his removal from Soas, with one online petitioner likening him to a war criminal.

Sadly, this incident reflects a global trend in which much of the discourse on racism is reduced to identifying the pecking order of historic oppression.

Six years before he was murdered by the apartheid state, Steve Biko wrote in The Definition of Black Consciousness that, “We have in our policy manifesto defined blacks as those who are by law or tradition politically, economically and socially discriminated against as a group in the South African society and identifying themselves as a unit in the struggle towards the realisation of their aspirations. 

“This definition illustrates to us a number of things: Being black is not a matter of pigmentation – being black is a reflection of a mental attitude…”

Biko’s world view formed part of the political tradition that united the oppressed to defeat apartheid and begin forging a non-racial future in the face of organised state violence. This tradition, which unfolded in the real world, has for many years informed Adam Habib’s world outlook. 

In what twisted logic is someone who was subject to racial oppression now accused of racism, told that he cannot claim his heritage, and forbidden to utter certain words because his skin is of a lighter hue?

The assertion that Habib has no lived experience of black suffering “that stretches over 500 years” would benefit from a broader reading of history. Habib’s lived experience is that of Indians in South Africa, most of whom are descendants of indentured labourers brought to the eastern province of Natal between 1860 and 1911. The legacies of indentured servitude, land dispossession and apartheid racism have shaped South African history, and their effects continue in the present day.

Habib exercised poor judgement in verbalising the n-word. He’s only been at the school for six weeks, and Habib and his students need time to get to know one another. But context is everything, and Habib is no racist. He should be reinstated at Soas without delay.

Allowing the self-righteous to act as universal thought police can only lead to the silencing of all voices. If this trend is not reversed, books and films that have the n-word will have to be revised or banned. August Wilson’s Fences will have to be pulled from classrooms, along with the works of Mark Twain. Quentin Tarantino’s Django Unchained will be banned or heavily edited. Muhammad Ali’s famous quote about the Vietcong will have to be erased from history.

Universities that allow this to happen will contribute to the death of culture and knowledge production. They will no longer be places of learning, opting to become “safe spaces” where diversity of views is not tolerated – and only loud voices that claim to be the “authentic” voices of historic oppression. 

In a university, there ought to be a level of intellectual rigour and debate about meanings, strategy and intended outcomes.

In the face of these worrisome trends, it is time for all democratic-minded people to speak up – from London to New York to Johannesburg. DM

Thuli Madonsela is the former Public Protector of South Africa and now Professor of Law at Stellenbosch University. Justice Malala and Palesa Morudu are South African writers based in the United States. Barney Pityana is former chairman of the South African Human Rights Commission and is a Professor of Law at University of South Africa.

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All Comments 15

  • Africa needs to come to terms with the reality that “chattel slavery” was deeply embedded in African tribal societies and was the norm, and even remains the norm in too much of our continent.

    Dr. Chika Onyeani’s book “Capitalist Nigger” an uncomfortable read, but a very necessary read, would be a very good starting point, yet according to “woke” thinking this highly esteemed African journalist, editor, writer, thinker, business and society leader, should be as shunned as Prof Adam Habib.

    Can we never learn?

    • The differences between slavery as it was practiced on the continent and the Atlantic slave trade are important to note though. The latter cemented the connection between blackness and racial inferiority. Slaves in many societies could be freed and even rise to the status of their former masters.

    • Enslavement of Africans by Europeans and Americans insisted on a chasm of humanity, based on skin colour, that could never be bridged. This racist hierarchy, which sets it apart from indigenous forms of African slavery, is important because it still informs much inequality and ideology today.

      • A further consideration is that slavery was indeed widespread and not as one-sided as is popularly believed. Recommended reading: ‘White slavery in the Barbary States’, by Charles Sumner. Published by John Jewitt & Co, Cleveland. True eye-opener about humanity.

  • “Racist!” is losing its bite. The crowd is starting to laugh and shake their heads at accusations, making jokes about the latest folly. Cried wolf too many times.

  • In 1832 a law was passed in the UK prohibiting the employment of women underground and boys younger that 10. Don’t talk to me about 500 years of suffering. Any student of African history will know it’s not much different from anywhere else. War and peace, Famine and feast, you are not so special.

  • Have you noticed how the “woke” community (whatever woke means in this context) are quick to condemn but inordinately slow to respond when it is pointed out that fake news was the basis of the original complaint?
    Makes you think!

  • Thank you comrades for a balanced reflection on Adam Habib in the context of race and racism! My father, the late Dr Franz Auerbach, was a victim of Nazi racism, and fled Germany to escape Hitler’s persecution; because of his childhood experiences, he fought against Apartheid all his life.

  • I notice you do not dare publish “Muhammad Ali’s famous quote about the Vietcong”, although the reference makes no sense to those who do not know what he said.

  • What a calming, thought-filled, intelligent, objective commentary on a topic / matter which needs airing. I agree Adam is no racist – he is happy to share his opinion, and in his position at Soas it surely requires him to encourage and initiate and guide such discussions. The fact that the “student leaders” are now growing their experience by engaging with a culturally diverse Board appointed “African” may just be a little tooooo much for them as they develop their EQ. Well done to all of you for this article.

  • The critics of Habib have failed to recognize the distinction between the *use* of a word and the *mention* of a word. Unfortunately even these esteemed authors obfuscate this by saying Habib shouldn’t have “verbalized” it. To use the “n-word” is quite different from saying something about it.

  • I’m beginning to feel snow-flakey about being called “white” – who knows what my forebears got up to, living at close quarters with the indigenous peoples – and what the perhaps mixed result might be, in my case.
    So I wonder if my feelings are being properly taken into account in the context, for example, of Juju speaking about “white tendencies”?
    Has the time not come for my outrage too?

  • It seems the world has lost its ability to reason, even academia. Even this very reasonable argument falls short. Prof Habib did not “exercise poor judgment” in using the word. That’s already a step towards the fascist woke side. it’s an outrageous situation. He should in fact fire the institution.

  • This ‘debate’ is like the use of the term coolie … only those who are descendants/children of indentured Indians are entitled or able to ‘use’ it, but those like me of free passage origin are not ! How ridiculous can you get ? No sense of context or purpose or meaning.

  • The word racist itself should be outlawed, having become nothing other than a degrading description of someone belonging to a racial group the speaker doesn’t like.