Western Cape

Our rights are routinely violated by farmers, say frustrated women farmworkers

By Suné Payne 31 May 2018

Protesters march to Agri Western Cape to raise concerns on the living conditions of female farmworkers. Photograph taken at Agri Western Cape in Paarl on 29 May 2018. All Photos by Hlumela Dyantyi

Farmworkers from communities in the Western Cape protested against maltreatment on Tuesday, the same day as the National Minimum Wage Bill was passed by the National Assembly.

Women farmworkers have complained that they do not have ablution facilities and are not protected from pesticides while at work on the land.

Protesters marched to Agri Western Cape to raise concerns about the living conditions of female farmworkers. (Translation of sign: Wine grapes grow with poison). Photograph taken at Agri Western Cape in Paarl on 29 May 2018.

These were among the list of complaints from farmworkers from Western Cape communities during a protest against the maltreatment they face by farmers.

At the offices of Agri Western Cape, a discussion was held between government officials and more than 250 farmworkers from Boland communities such as Simondium, Witzenberg, Wolseley, Paarl and Ceres. The meeting was held in Simondium, about 8km outside of Paarl. Workers then marched to the offices of Agri Western Cape in Paarl.

Protesters marched to Agri Western Cape to raise concerns on the living conditions of female farmworkers. Photograph taken at Agri Western Cape in Paarl on 29 May 2018.

Roseline Engelbrecht, Labour Rights Programme co-ordinator for Women on Farms, which organised the discussion and march, said an invitation was sent to members of Parliament’s portfolio committee on labour, but they could not attend as they were busy with laws that needed to be passed, including the minimum wage bill.

Engelbrecht said Agri West Cape had also been invited but did not attend.

Farmworkers spoke about their experiences in the presence of two officials, David Esau from the national department of Labour, and Alan Winde, Western Cape MEC for Agriculture, Economic Development.

We don’t have toilets, we have to pee in the bush…. It brings infections,” said Louisa Warries, a seasonal farmworker.

Louisa Warries raised concerns on the dangers of pesticides for female farmworkers.

Warries said she is among seven women who feel uncomfortable urinating in the bushes while working, especially because there is a man who works with them.

Another complaint was that the farmer does not provide protective clothing. When workers are exposed to poisonous pesticides, Warries said, “the farmer said we must go back to work, even when the poison was only sprayed half an hour before. It’s not fair.”

You don’t know how hard a farmworker’s life is. I’m tired of crying,” said Linda Norman from Wolseley.

As the audience clapped and shouted in support, she said: “We women are the ones that suffer the most.”

Norman said she was sick of complaining about farmworkers’ living conditions to Esau, who serves as the directorate for inspectors.

Linda Norman said she was tired of the livng conditions female workers are exposed to. Photograph taken at Simondium Community Hall in Simondium, Western Cape on 29 May 2018.

Esau, who was present during the discussion, agreed that it was dangerous to work with poisons without protection. Faced with a barrage of questions and complaints from the farmworkersincluding one woman who showed him her tiny piece of paper her boss had given her as a paysliphe focused his few comments on the national minimum wage, saying “we all wait to see what happens”.

Esau said that with the new minimum wage, sectoral salary systems would fall away.

It (the national minimum wage) will make a big difference in your life,” said Esau.

David Esau, Directorate for Inspectors at the Department of Labour, reads a small piece of paper containing a farmworker’s pay slip, handed to him by a woman in the crowd. Photograph taken at Simondium, Western Cape on 29 May 2018.

Winde called on workers to supply names and details of farms that were allegedly committing malpractices, and full details of the complaints.

Winde added that with the drought, jobs in the agricultural sector was a huge issue and projections show that up to 7,ooo agricultural jobs might be cut in the next season.

During the march to the Agri West Cape offices in Paarl, workers handed over a memorandum to CEO Carl Opperman.

Protesters marched to Agri Western Cape to raise concerns about poor living conditions. Photograph taken at Agri Western Cape in Paarl on 29 May 2018.

Opperman smiled as farmworker after farmworker talked about their bitter experiences.

Why are you smiling?” shouted one farmworker, who was crying as she spoke.

One farmworker in the audience took the microphone and described how her boss called her “bobbejaan” (baboon), while another farmworker said her boss told her she has “bobbejaan handjies” (baboon hands) if she let anything slip out of her hands while working.

Corina Kana shouted, “Genoeg is Genoeg” to the crowd of protesters at Agri Western Cape in Paarl. Photo Taken on 29 May 2018

Genoeg is genoeg,” (enough is enough) said farmworker Corina Kana, who added that farmworkers “are seen, not heard”.

Handing over the memorandum, Engelbrecht said:

As we celebrate workers and the workers who have fought for workers’ rights and social justice, the rights of thousands of South African farmworkers, particularly women, are routinely violated by farmers.”

The memorandum included the following demands to Agri-Western Cape:

  • Agri-Western Cape needs to ensure their members comply with labour and tenure laws;
  • Farmers must pay workers a living wage;
  • Agri-Western Cape must ensure their members provide toilets for farmworkers working in vineyards and orchards, especially seasonal workers;
  • Agri-Western Cape must ensure farmers do not contravene the laws on occupational health and safety by letting staff work in vineyards that have been sprayed with pesticides.
Carl Opperman, CEO of Agri Western Cape, signed the list of demands handed over to him by Women on Farms. Photograph taken at Agri Western Cape in Paarl on 29 May 2018.

Jeanne Boshoff, Agri Western Cape spokesperson, told Daily Maverick:

Agri Western Cape has always encouraged farmworkers to make contact with the relevant authorities immediately in any case where their employers are violating the law. Women on Farms should encourage and assist their members to lay charges immediately.”

Responding to a query about their absence from the meeting, Boshoff said Agri Western Cape informed Women on Farms via e-mail that they were unavailable.

However, we extended an invitation to them to meet at our office to discuss the morning’s meeting and the issues on the table. They are yet to respond.”

Boshoff said any farmer who was a member of the organisation who was found guilty of malpractice would have their membership suspended. DM

Sidebar: Raft of labour related bills passed by the National Assembly

On Tuesday, Parliament’s National Assembly passed three billsthe National Minimum Wage Bill, the Labour Relations Amendment Bill and the Basic Conditions of Employment Bill

Fin24 reported that Labour Minister Mildred Oliphant explained that the national minimum wage sought to improve the lives of the lowest-paid workers in the labour market.

Business Tech reported that workers who do not fall under the farming/ forestry sectors, the domestic sector, government’s Expanded Works Programme and learnerships will earn the proposed R20 an hour minimum wage.

Under the National Minimum Wage Bill, farmworkers will earn R18, which will be adjusted in two years.

To date, the farming sector has had a sectoral minimum wage. According to the Department of Labour, the sectoral minimum wage for farmworkers in 2018/2019 sits at R16.25, lower than the proposed national minimum wage.

The bill needs to go before the National Council of Provinces before being signed into law by President Cyril Ramaphosa. DM

See previous reports on the proposed national minimum wage here:

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