Business Maverick, South Africa

Eskom cries foul as Nersa rejects its diesel claim

By Joanne Taylor & Chris Yelland 2 March 2016

At a media briefing on 1 March 2016, the National Electricity Regulator of South Africa (Nersa) announced the approval of an average 9.4% electricity price increase for Eskom for the 2016/17 financial year, while rejecting Eskom’s claim for a higher tariff increase to compensate the utility for unbudgeted costs of diesel incurred during the 2013/14 financial year. By JOANNE TAYLOR and CHRIS YELLAND for EE PUBLISHERS.

Using the regulatory clearing account mechanism, Eskom applied in late 2015 to recover from electricity customers, via an additional tariff increase in 2016/17, about R22.7-billion of variances in its actual costs and sales revenue in 2013/14 from those projected in its multiyear price determination 3 (MYPD3) price application.

After receiving 82 written submissions from affected stakeholders, and holding public hearings around South Africa in February 2016 to hear oral submissions from the public, Nersa rejected about half of Eskom’s claim, and only allowed the pass-through of about R11.2-billion as having been prudently and efficiently incurred.

In respect of Eskom’s claim for R8-billion for unbudgeted diesel costs in 2013/14, Nersa ruled that the utility’s extensive use of diesel-powered Open Gas Cycle Turbines (OCGTs) in the Western Cape was a direct result of the poor performance and low availability of Eskom’s coal-fired power stations, well below international benchmarks, and the late completion of Eskom’s Medupi, Kusile and Ingula new-build programme.

Of its R8-billion diesel claim, Eskom was only allowed the recovery of R1.25-billion, the cost of coal to generate electricity equivalent to that generated by the unbudgeted diesel used.

Eskom CEO Brian Molefe disagreed with the Nersa decision, issuing a statement after Nersa’s announcement that “yet again” Nersa’s decision does not address the question of Eskom’s continued financial sustainability.

We note with concern the decision on OCGTs, which will guide Eskom’s operations in the future in terms of balancing the energy supply and demand in a bid to avoid load shedding”, said Molefe.

He further complained that the diesel-powered OCGTs had been used to avoid or limit load shedding on the understanding that Eskom could recover these costs within the regulatory clearing account process.

Photo: Nersa chairman Jacob Modise at the media briefing.

He added that that while Eskom would do its best to minimise the risk of load shedding, with the utility’s already depleted balance sheet the OGGT decision “will have operational consequences”.

Nersa has also ruled that Eskom must submit a new multiyear price determination (MYPD4), within three months, because the assumptions and forecasts upon which MYPD3 was based for 2013/14 to 2017/18 have materially changed. A new multiyear price determination is expected to become effective from 1 April 2017.

This is clearly required to reflect current economic circumstances and Eskom’s position, and therefore to provide more certainty to the electricity price trajectory in the years ahead.

Nersa indicated at the media briefing that the regulatory clearing account mechanism would still be retained as a tool as part of the regulatory process to make adjustments retrospectively resulting from variances in prudently and efficiently incurred costs by Eskom, and to ensure that these costs were adequately recovered from Eskom’s sales revenue.

The increase of 9.4% in Eskom’s average electricity price will become effective on 1 April 2016 for the utility’s direct customers. Tariffs for customers supplied by municipal electricity distributors will go up on 1 July 2016, and it is expected that a similar price increase will apply. Nersa also regulates the electricity tariffs of municipal electricity distributors, and typically about 70% of their cost structure comprises electricity purchases from Eskom.

At the media briefing, Nersa stated that it had taken the public interest and all the inputs received from stakeholders into account. When questioned about the 8,000-plus responses collected on the Organisation Undoing Tax Abuse (OUTA) website, and the 50,000-plus responses to the online Avaaz petition, Nersa’s board member responsible for electricity regulation, Thembani Bukula, confirmed that Nersa had received these submissions. He indicated that these had each been counted as only one of the total of 82 written submissions received.

Our challenge is to regulate the energy industry in a manner that balances the interests of energy producers on the one hand and consumers on the other. This is never an easy task as it is influenced by the greater economic environment locally and internationally, as well as the policy environment of government,” said Modise. DM

Photo: Eskom power lines run through an open field as the sun rises on a cold winters day in Johannesburg, South Africa, 08 June 2015. EPA/KIM LUDBROOK.


Watch Pauli van Wyk’s Cat Play The Piano Here!

No, not really. But now that we have your attention, we wanted to tell you a little bit about what happened at SARS.

Tom Moyane and his cronies bequeathed South Africa with a R48-billion tax shortfall, as of February 2018. It's the only thing that grew under Moyane's tenure... the year before, the hole had been R30.7-billion. And to fund those shortfalls, you know who has to cough up? You - the South African taxpayer.

It was the sterling work of a team of investigative journalists, Scorpio’s Pauli van Wyk and Marianne Thamm along with our great friends at amaBhungane, that caused the SARS capturers to be finally flushed out of the system. Moyane, Makwakwa… the lot of them... gone.

But our job is not yet done. We need more readers to become Maverick Insiders, the friends who will help ensure that many more investigations will come. Contributions go directly towards growing our editorial team and ensuring that Daily Maverick and Scorpio have a sustainable future. We can’t rely on advertising and don't want to restrict access to only those who can afford a paywall subscription. Membership is about more than just contributing financially – it is about how we Defend Truth, together.

So, if you feel so inclined, and would like a way to support the cause, please join our community of Maverick Insiders.... you could view it as the opposite of a sin tax. And if you are already Maverick Insider, tell your mother, call a friend, whisper to your loved one, shout at your boss, write to a stranger, announce it on your social network. The battle for the future of South Africa is on, and you can be part of it.


Please note you must be a Maverick Insider to comment. Sign up here or if you are already an Insider.


High noon for Tiger Brands as summons issued in listeriosis class action lawsuit

By Ray Mahlaka

"Don't tell me the sky's the limit when there are footprints on the moon." ~ Paul Brandt