While gamblers were busy trying their luck on the slot machines and card tables at the Wild Coast Sun Casino, two gunmen drew up at the nearby home of Sikhosiphi “Bazooka” Radebe on 22 March, 2016, and murdered him in front of his 15-year-old son.
The two killers – both posing as policemen – were driving a VW Polo that had been hijacked hours earlier (and while Radebe was being beaten up and shot, the two terrified victims were allegedly huddled in the car – one in the boot, the other on the back seat).
Rhadebe, a prominent taxi-owner and founder of a soccer club for unemployed youngsters, was also a vocal opponent of plans by an Australian-led venture to mine heavy minerals from coastal sand dunes along the Xolobeni section of the Wild Coast.
The 51-year-old community leader was chairman of the local Amadiba Crisis Committee, which has been at the forefront of opposition to the dune-mining plan by Perth-based Mineral Resources Commodities (MRC) and local empowerment partners.
The hijacked car used by the killers was abandoned soon afterwards on a banana farm near Shelley Beach in KwaZulu-Natal.
But remarkably, claim Rhadebe’s family, the hijacked vehicle was released from the police pound in Port Shepstone within 48 hours – without any forensic examination of the vehicle – while the two hijack victims were not “properly interviewed” about what they saw or heard as Rhadebe was being murdered.
Rhadebe’s elder son, Tarzan, alleges that while the family was attempting to ensure a private pathologist attended the post-mortem, a senior Hawks investigating officer asked him:
“How will it help the family to take out bullets from your father’s body?”
The family claim that senior officers at Mzamba tried to block a private forensic pathologist from attending the post-mortem examination, refused to allow X-ray investigations and then failed to interview several key witnesses and informants timeously who could have helped to track down the hit men.
They also claim that it took months for police to examine Rhadebe’s cellphone device, data and call records – and that when the cellphone was finally returned, crucial data appeared to have been deleted.
On the recommendation of activist Elinor Sisulu, the family has also engaged two former senior police investigators to probe the murder and both had expressed deep frustration over the SAPS investigation.
Now Rhadebe’s angry and distraught family and fellow anti-mining activists have demanded that the National Prosecuting Authority step in to ensure that the SA Police Directorate for Priority Crimes (Hawks) does its job properly.
On 22 March, the second anniversary of his death, the family sent an appeal to NPA head Shaun Abrahams and acting Hawks head Yolisa Matakata, demanding that they intervene as a matter of urgency. They also sent a detailed report by the Alternative Information and Development Centre, containing serious criticism of the police probe.
The family attorneys, Richard Spoor Inc, said this report detailed the “repeated inadequacies and delays in the investigation by the SAPS and the Hawks over the past two years”.
“There are strong suggestions that the investigation has been intentionally impeded. At best, the investigation has been given insufficient attention and resources,” said Spoor Inc attorney Johan Lorenzen.
“We are gravely concerned that such long and unjustified delays in delivering justice threaten the integrity of the justice system and cultivate a culture of impunity that places our clients in grave risk. The longer this investigation languishes, the lower the prospects of successful prosecution become.”
If there was no immediate and discernible progress in the investigations “our instructions are to demand the holding of an inquest into the murder of Mr Rhadebe, at which the multiple obstructions and shortcomings in the investigation will be examined”.
On Thursday night spokesmen for NPA and Hawks had not responded to email and telephone requests for comment sent by Daily Maverick earlier in the day.
Contacted by cellphone, Hawks spokesman Brigadier Hangwani Mulaudzi said he understood that the Rhadebe family had been “given an update” on the murder investigation, and undertook to respond to the query shortly.
NPA spokesman Luvuyo Mfaku could not be reached on his cellphone.
Mineral Resources Commodities, an Australian company, says it has pulled out of the mining venture. Four months after Rhadebe was murdered, the company announced its decision to divest its majority interest in the controversial dune-mining venture because of “ongoing violence and threats to the peace and harmony of the Xolobeni community” and hoped to sell its interests to a local black economic empowerment group.
“The company has accepted that attempts to facilitate peaceful and safe site access by environmental consultants to assess the possible environmental impacts of the Xolobeni project continues to cause undue tensions and conflict, something that the company has openly tried to avoid.
“In light of the ongoing violence and threats to the local Xolobeni community, the company accepts that the future viability of the Xolobeni project should be managed by stakeholders and organisations exclusively owned by South African people.”
The Rhadebe family and Amadiba Crisis Committee, however, say they are determined that the full reasons for Bazooka Rhadebe’s murder must be brought to light.
In the report prepared by the Alternative Information and Development Centre, Rhadebe’s fellow activists claim that a “death list” was prepared by unnamed parties who had an interest in ensuring that the mining venture went ahead.
According to the report sent to the NPA on Thursday, fellow crisis committee member Nonhle Mbuthuma was warned shortly before Radebe was murdered that she was on the hit list.
Mbuthuma said Rhadebe phoned her about an hour earlier to warn her to be careful “because they are planning to kill us”.
Lorenzen said that two years on not a single arrest had been made, while the family had not received regular feedback on the police investigation.
The report also contains the name of at least one person believed to be a prime suspect, but this name has been redacted by family attorneys in an effort not to jeopardise future investigations.
It claims that two days after the murder, a Warrant Officer from Mzamba police station tried to prevent the family’s forensic specialists from taking part in the autopsy of Rhadebe’s body.
“On 29 March, the SAPS continued to oppose our clients’ specialists from taking part in the autopsy. On 30 March the (Hawks) in Bizana failed to honour an agreement to investigate the scene of the crime together with the ballistics specialist appointed by our clients, claiming that they did not have transport from Bizana to the crime scene.
“They also failed to honour an appointment to inspect the hijacked vehicle used in the murder at the SAPS vehicle pound in Port Shepstone. We learned that the vehicle had been released by the SAPS days earlier.
“After breaching an agreement to jointly download the data from Mr Rhadebe’s cellphone, the (Hawks) processed the phone itself.
“Mr Rhadebe’s son reported that when the phone was returned three months later, data had been deleted from Mr Rhadebe’s phone, including the phone numbers of members in the local mining lobby.”
In August, a police brigadier had suggested that “all indications are that the killing was a result of a feud in the Mzamba Taxi Association and that it is not a result of the mining dispute”.
“Our clients had information to the contrary and engaged a private investigative organisation, The iFirm. The iFirm is led by former SAPS Generals T Ntobela and M Petros. It started its investigation on 3 September 2016.
“General Ntobela reported on early progress in October 2016, after doing interviews and helping (the Hawks) in Bizana to obtain and analyse cellphone data. Though this is part of standard procedure, these steps had not been taken until the iFirm’s intervention. While interviews and hard data pointed to persons suspected to be involved in the murder in some way, no steps were taken against these individuals.”
The report says senior officials later undertook to transfer the murder docket to a police brigadier based in East London, and then later to a senior Hawks officer in KwaZulu-Natal.
This allegedly happened after an Eastern Cape police major allegedly commented, “What is so special about this case?” and asserted that “people die every day”.
Private investigators later submitted a report suggesting that “the non co-operation of the SAPS members made this investigation an impossible mission” and that the Hawks “would have solved this case a long time ago if they were willing to do so”.
It is understood that Rhadebe’s family has also requested an investigation by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment. DM
Photo: Sikhosiphi ‘Bazooka’ Rhadebe (John Clarke)
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