Let me confess my own pedigree. I was barely 13, finding my way with seasoned cricketers. Aloo Maharaj (you could tell by his physique, no relative of Keshav) was a canny captain. We were a less than mediocre team and so Aloo came up with all kinds of tricks to level the playing field. He was brought up as a trickster after all, working his father’s stall in the Bottom Market. Throwing potatoes hard on the scale so they showed seven pounds. Distracting the Aunty while he added his mighty thumb to the weight. Selling a sack of spuds but stacking the bottom with three sheets of newspaper. When Aloo opened the first corner shop in Reservoir Hills that sold sliced bread, he kept three slices back making a killing on extra loaves. Aloo brought all these accumulated skills of skulduggery to Springfield Grounds in the early 1970s.
He always won the toss. He had a tickey with two heads. We would always bat second. That way we could never be bowled out. Aloo insisted that a batsman feign a runny stomach if things were going badly on the pitch. Sometimes both batsmen at the same time. As you know, there was only one toilet at Springfield, so the other would have to go in the bush behind the tree as there was no sight screen to screen the sight. And if you did not have the guts to feign illness, he was wont to send on a Goldtop Ginger Ale with a dose of Castor Oil.
So things went.
Let’s admit it; cricket is a veritable Tree of Knowledge with abundant, juicy, low-hanging fruit tempting one into plucking advantage in the New Lands or Edens or other of the Lords grounds.
Still, the righteous pontificating of former Australian cricketers commentating on the series in South Africa grates like sandpaper in a jockstrap as one pivots for a Chinese cut. We have Allan Border jumping up and down so he could, for a second, look Michael Holding in the eye, condemning the cheating Aussie trio. Yet witness Allan Border writing of touring India in his autobiography:
“We were fascinated by the milling mass of humanity below and we took to dropping rupees to them and watching them scramble. Unkind I guess, but it was irresistible. We went a step further and started pouring water on them as they fought each other for the rupees. We’d fill all available receptacles in the hotel room with water, drop the coins and whoosh.”
I’m not sure about you, but I’d sooner have a beer with a ball tamperer than coin-dropper.
On home ground, the Aussie crowd have been simply obnoxious to visiting teams. They hounded Muttiah Muralitharan, screaming no-ball, every ball. As journalist Gideon Haigh pointed out in the early 2000s: ‘the International Cricket Council regarded the MCG as one of the world’s worst venues for interruptions of play, trespassing and unruly behaviour; season 2001-2 saw thirty arrests and 500 ejections’. Sportsmanship was in short supply. As the imperious Natal batsman turned Aussie, Barry Richards, put it; ‘The only time an Australian walks is when his car runs out of petrol’.
What is it about the Aussie mentality and cricket? It lies deep in the psyche produced by the status of Dominion which reinforced “like us, not really”. And so the reaction was to be more English as a way to gain acceptance. Hark Sir Frederick Toone, Aussie cricket manager in the late 1920s:
“I have from the outset regarded these tours primarily as imperial enterprises, tending to cement friendship between the Mother Country and her Dominions. Players… should not be chosen for their cricket qualities alone. They must be men of good character, high principle, easy of address, and in every personal sense worthy of representing their country in all circumstances, irrespective of their work on the field.”
Oh, how they tried to be accepted, with cricket the passport to Englishness. Aussie Prime Minister John Curtin in 1945 promised that his countrymen “will always fight for those 22 yards. Lords and its traditions belong to Australia just as much to England”. But no matter how much they genuflected, the Aussie was a poor relation. As the great CB Fry sniffed in 1938: “In all this Australian team there are barely one or two who would be accepted as public school men.” You see, in Australia, cricket was not a sport but an institution necessary to affirm a nation. But, as merely being on the field among their social betters was not enough to gain acceptance, soundly thrashing them would have to compensate. Winning on the cricket field thus became what PG Wodehouse would have described as “a social necessity”. And out of the craving to win to assuage other “failings” cheating was inevitably sanctioned with a nod and a wink. This is not a new thing. The Aussie spin bowler of the 1920s, Arthur Mailey admitted: “I always carried powdered resin in my pocket and when the umpire wasn’t looking lifted the seam.”
South Africa was different though. Here we had given the English a bloody nose; Majuba, Isandlwana and then the humiliation of the Jameson Raid. Listen to the words of a member of the English touring team just after the raid: “Why are we going to this confounded place? Most likely when we get there they (the Boers) will fire at us on the cricket field.”
We (Boer, Zulu and Indian – Gandhi started his campaign here) defeated the English in close combat. Only near genocide under Kitchener won the war for the Poms. The Aussies on the other hand were their bootlickers in every war. The only way they could distinguish themselves from the mother country was in a game. To borrow Orwell’s memorable phrase, they saw cricket as war by other means. And out of this, the boorish, macho, uncouth character in the slips making silly points was born. They began to believe the movie of an indestructible loner in the Outback. But, as we saw with the salt-works of Warner and Smith, these are no Crocodile Dundees. How quick the caught-out crook nowadays becomes a blabbering sook?
How it must rankle that the power in cricket has not passed from Lords to the MCG but to Delhi. Aussie cricketers now chase after the rupee that Border was wont to throw away. Australia has become cricket’s perpetual colonial bridesmaid.
It was noticeable how world cricket gloried in the Aussie team’s fall from grace. This is the phenomenon Cricket Australia would do well to reflect upon beyond what just went on in Bancroft’s trousers on the ill-fated Cape Town test match. What is it about the Baggy Greens that wards off pathos? I would venture that, beyond the clichéd congratulations to losing teams blurted out during TV interviews, it is Aussie lack of humility. There is an abject incapacity to be self-deprecating or funny about their game. Rather, beneath the matiness, an ugliness lurks. The wonderful travel writer Jan Morris reveals “that Australia without its streak of malice would not be Australia at all… I sometimes think that the Australian gift for the malignant abuse…is a product of the country’s very substance, so bitter, so brooding, so full of grudge”.
As to the rationale of sledging, I am with Gideon Haigh here, who argues that it only tests “our ability to dehumanise and desensitise ourselves and each other… I find it strange that cricket should be apologising so consistently for not being like other games, that the idea of having a spirit, and the notion that players should exercise self-control, should be thought of as archaic. I’d like in essence, cricket to have the courage of its difference”.
It’s going to be hard to bring the Aussie game back into the fold of fair-play I am afraid. Their character is built early. A wonderful English wicket-keeper of the early 1980s, Bob Taylor, commenting on cricket in Australian schools, related that “the air is thick with bad language, the cheating is on a massive scale and the threatening gestures are rife”.
In South Africa, the Hansie Cronje business put the fear of the cricketing gods into any player who so much as looked at a bookkeeper. Those who subsequently did were universally panned and swiftly banned. Hopefully the Bancroft affair will be a similar moment for those Aussies wont to dwell a while too intently in the sandpaper aisle at Bunnings Warehouses. DM
Ashwin Desai is Professor of Sociology at the University of Johannesburg. His latest book is Reverse Sweep: South African Cricket since Apartheid