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Covid-19 Global Health Emergency Is Over After Three Years

Covid-19 Global Health Emergency Is Over After Three Years
A "Face coverings required" sign at a store in San Francisco, California.

Covid-19 no longer constitutes a global health emergency, the World Health Organization said, lowering its alert level three years after the novel coronavirus began killing millions of people as it swept across the world.

The WHO said Friday it’s time to transition to long-term management of the pandemic after a panel met Thursday to discuss the recent evolution of the disease.

The move is largely symbolic, given that most countries have returned to normal social behaviors, relaxing lockdowns and masking guidelines while reopening borders to travel. Still, three years of emergency measures leave behind a world that would be unrecognizable to pre-pandemic observers in a multitude of ways, with Zoom calls and working from home becoming routine.

Covid has resulted in at least 20 million deaths worldwide, WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said Friday, adding that last week it was still killing one person every three minutes.

The disease has killed roughly one in 400 people, with the death toll including former US Secretary of State Colin Powell, songwriter John Prine, onetime presidential candidate Herman Cain, actresses Cloris Leachman and Dawn Wells, music producer Phil Spector and former New York Mets pitcher Tom Seaver.

The WHO had declared Covid-19 a public health emergency of international concern in late January 2020, as infections began spreading from the original epicenter of Wuhan, China. At the time, there was still considerable uncertainty about the disease’s deadliness and how infections were transmitted.

The emergency status known as PHEIC — pronounced “fake” — applies to an extraordinary event that carries a public-health risk via the global spread of a disease, and one that potentially requires a coordinated response.

Still a Pandemic

The WHO is still using the word “pandemic” to describe the disease, and Tedros highlighted the risk that Covid-19 could become more dangerous again through mutations.

“This virus is here to stay,” he said. “The worst thing any country could do now is to use this news as a reason to let down its guard, to dismantle the systems it has built, or to send the message to its people that Covid-19 is nothing to worry about.”

Mike Ryan, the WHO’s head of emergency programs, said the world needs to prepare better for pandemics and to reduce inequities in health coverage.

“We saw people in this pandemic literally bartering for oxygen canisters in the street of major cities,” he said in a press briefing. “This is the 21st century — is that what we want to witness in the next pandemic? We saw family members physically fighting to get their loved ones into a hospital bed. We saw people die before they got to the emergency rooms because they were in car parks. That’s the reality of our health systems and our preparedness.”

Tedros said he wouldn’t hesitate if necessary to reconvene an emergency committee if Covid-19 becomes a bigger global danger again.

The US is preparing to end its public health emergency May 11 as Covid infections return to levels seen at the outbreak’s beginning in 2020.

Gallery

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