First Thing, Daily Maverick's flagship newsletter

Join the 230 000 South Africans who read First Thing newsletter.

We'd like our readers to start paying for Daily Maverick

More specifically, we'd like those who can afford to pay to start paying. What it comes down to is whether or not you value Daily Maverick. Think of us in terms of your daily cappuccino from your favourite coffee shop. It costs around R35. That’s R1,050 per month on frothy milk. Don’t get us wrong, we’re almost exclusively fuelled by coffee. BUT maybe R200 of that R1,050 could go to the journalism that’s fighting for the country?

We don’t dictate how much we’d like our readers to contribute. After all, how much you value our work is subjective (and frankly, every amount helps). At R200, you get it back in Uber Eats and ride vouchers every month, but that’s just a suggestion. A little less than a week’s worth of cappuccinos.

We can't survive on hope and our own determination. Our country is going to be considerably worse off if we don’t have a strong, sustainable news media. If you’re rejigging your budgets, and it comes to choosing between frothy milk and Daily Maverick, we hope you might reconsider that cappuccino.

We need your help. And we’re not ashamed to ask for it.

Our mission is to Defend Truth. Join Maverick Insider.

Support Daily Maverick→
Payment options

Anti-Gang Unit was not properly formed, had no adequate...

South Africa


Anti-Gang Unit was not properly formed, had no adequate resources, failed to protect Charl Kinnear – SAPS watchdog

Retired Anti-Gang Unit Head, Major-General Andre Lincoln and President Cyril Ramaphosa. (Photo: SAPS)

The Anti-Gang Unit, where detective Charl Kinnear was based, failed to ensure he was safe and an officer who knew about a threat against him two days before his killing did not even alert him. This is one of five articles in which Daily Maverick unpacks the Independent Police Investigative Directorate’s findings into how police let Kinnear down. 

In November 2018 the Western Cape’s Anti-Gang Unit was officially launched with much fanfare and the backing of President Cyril Ramaphosa, who had been sworn in as head of state a few months earlier.

At the time, a government statement said: “The Anti-Gang Unit made up of members from specialised units aims to dislodge and terminally weaken the capacity of the gangs where they are prevalent across the country. 

“The unit also aims to disorganise and fundamentally disable the criminal economy linked to gangsterism, including drug and firearm supply lines or other identified commodities.”

But the Independent Police Investigative Directorate (Ipid) has found that not all was rock-solid in terms of the AGU’s structure and functioning.

It said it could not dispute the need for the AGU in the Western Cape, given the hostility of gangs in the province.

But it had concerns about its formation and appointment of personnel.


Read more in Ipid Report on Police series:


Lieutenant-Colonel Charl Kinnear was a member of the AGU and was involved in investigating several underworld crimes as well as an alleged syndicate involving police officers in Gauteng helping suspects get firearm licences. 

He was assassinated on the afternoon of 18 September 2020 outside of his Bishop Lavis home, parts of which are known to be 28s gang strongholds, in Cape Town.

At the time he was shot, he was not under any form of state protection, despite several colleagues knowing that threats had been made on his life.

This led to police bosses calling on Ipid to investigate. 

Top anti-gang unit investigator Charl Kinnear (Photo: Noor Slamdien)

Daily Maverick has seen the findings which are scathing and critical of the South African Police Service (SAPS), which already has a deeply divided top structure.

SAPS has confirmed it is analysing Ipid’s findings to determine how to move forward. 

Among key recommendations made to it, is that critical units, like the AGU, need to be properly resourced. 

The Ipid findings said during an interview in May this year, Major-General Andre Lincoln, who was the AGU’s head, “confirmed our suspicion that the AGU was not properly formed and properly capacitated”. 

“By his own admission he said when the unit was formed in 2018, he was just told he will be heading the unit, with no specific guidelines and specifications of how he should do it.” 

Daily Maverick previously reported that disciplinary steps were launched against Lincoln in relation to Kinnear’s lack of security in the run-up to his assassination. 

In Labour Court papers from May 2021, Lincoln, who wanted an independent chair to head the disciplinary matter, had stated: “I am entitled to be protected from any reprisals from senior generals in SAPS.

 “The disciplinary proceedings against me are clearly a result of my disclosures against the senior generals for having accused them of failing to fulfil their duties and responsibilities as contemplated in the security policy.”

It was therefore Lincoln’s assertion that because he pointed out failures of his seniors, he was being targeted. 

Ipid, however, found that Lincoln should be departmentally charged for his failure to provide Kinnear with essential protection. 

Lincoln retired at the end of October 2021, so Ipid’s findings may have no bearing on him. 

In its findings, Ipid said his inaction equated to misconduct.

“The findings indicate that not only did Major-General Lincoln as commander failed but SAPS as an organisation cumulatively failed to protect or provide security measures to the late Lieutenant Colonel Kinnear and also failed to provide same to his immediate family for the period 3 September 2020 to 18 September 2020,” the Ipid report said.

It further found that Lincoln had “no intimate knowledge of what the detective team was doing in the AGU” and this saw Kinnear “running with cases by himself”. 

Lincoln, Ipid found, had not kept track of how resources were spent, with this being the discretion of investigators instead.

“This poses a serious risk of abuse of state resources,” its report said. 

“The team further discovered that there was no overall detective commander at AGU, to whom Lieutenant Colonel Kinnear would be expected to report to.”

Ipid recommended that should the AGU retain its investigative capacity, a detective commander be appointed to supervise AGU investigations.

 It found it had not been properly resourced.

 “Reinforced vehicles were needed. AGU members did not have the requisite skills, proper training or equipment to do the protection duties.”

These issues, it said, should have been addressed by the Western Cape’s acting provincial commissioner at the time, Sindile Mfazi, who died in July this year. 

As previously reported, police first said Mfazi died due to Covid-19 complications but it later emerged the cause of his death was under investigation after suspicions surfaced he was poisoned. 

The Ipid report also focused on threats to Kinnear in the days before his murder. 

It said that on 16 September 2020 – two days before Kinnear was murdered – an anonymous call was made to the AGU’s operations room.

The caller told a sergeant that a cash reward was offered for the murder of Kinnear, as well as a second police officer with the surname Jefta.

This sergeant related details of the call to the operations room commander.

However, the Ipid investigation found that the operations room commander had not shared this information with Lincoln or Kinnear.

It was, therefore, recommended the operations room commander be criminally charged with defeating the course of justice and departmentally charged for not complying with his duties.

On Friday, 12 November 2021, in response to a Daily Maverick query about the Ipid’s findings, national police spokesperson Brigadier Vish Naidoo said: “The South African Police can confirm that it has received recommendations from Ipid to institute departmental action against certain officers of the SAPS in respect of the Charl Kinnear matter.

“The files with the recommendations were received by the SAPS human resource department this week and they are currently being perused before the national commissioner and deputy national for support are briefed on how this matter will be dealt with moving forward [sic]. 

“It is also important to note that in view of this being an internal matter the names of the members against whom recommendations are being made shall not be disclosed.” 

Ipid spokesperson Grace Langa said an update on this matter will be provided as soon as Ipid finalises its own internal processes. DM


Comments - share your knowledge and experience

Please note you must be a Maverick Insider to comment. Sign up here or sign in if you are already an Insider.

Everybody has an opinion but not everyone has the knowledge and the experience to contribute meaningfully to a discussion. That’s what we want from our members. Help us learn with your expertise and insights on articles that we publish. We encourage different, respectful viewpoints to further our understanding of the world. View our comments policy here.

All Comments 4

  • At what stage would RSA be officially declared a Gangster State. This is scary stuff. How on earth can you clean up this disaster when the Generals -who should do this task- are themselves gangsters. Don’t look to Cele and his ANC buddies either.

  • Extremely worrying. We already know whistle blowers are not being protected properly (is that another sign of gangster operations at high levels within SAPS and/or Crime Intelligence ?). And we haven’t heard anything further at all in respect of the Deokoran hit. Are we indeed a “gangster state” ?!

    • In my view three sure signs that we are a gangster state are:
      1. The way JZ waves two fingers at the highest court in the country.
      2. The president being too scared to take action against those in his own party that tried to oust him through insurrection, and
      3. When the governing party and the police service are the two biggest criminal gangs in the country.

Please peer review 3 community comments before your comment can be posted