Part Five: How the Guptas used their loot

In the previous instalment, I set out how the Gupta enterprise laundered its money in South Africa and abroad, using pre-existing criminal laundries inside the country and out. Today, I’ll show how they moved some of this loot back into the country and what they used it for – to expand their local empire to take advantage of State Capture, as shown in the example of the purchase of the Gupta enterprise’s last remaining asset in South Africa, Optimum Holdings.