Maverick Citizen


Life in Happiness Valley, Gauteng: It is all too much

Life in Happiness Valley, Gauteng: It is all too much
Rosa Sithole returns from collecting water at a communal tap. Sithole was evicted four days after she gave birth. Sleeping in an open field, her husband used a plastic sheet as a shelter to her cover her and her children. (Photo: Shiraaz Mohamed)

Living under the constant threat of eviction, fearing assault or worse, residents of Happiness Valley next to the Marievale Military Base near Nigel, Gauteng, are mired in despair.

“Every day I am disturbed by what is going on here. But I will fight to the end. I cannot give up,” says community leader Chris Koetsioe as he describes life in the informal settlement outside Johannesburg where residents struggle to survive.

A Happiness Valley woman viewed through the window of a shack. Residents live in fear of soldiers returning to attack them. Children are still traumatised after their last eviction. (Photo: Shiraaz Mohamed)

“Even the story of the goats was before a judge,” he said. “The military wouldn’t let my goats walk on the land. We even had to get a court order for them.”

The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) is facing a lawsuit for damages after what was described in papers before the Gauteng High Court as “an ongoing campaign of violence and intimidation” against the residents of the settlement near Nigel.

Ziyanda Nqwazi had to sleep in an open field in the rain with her three children after they were evicted. She says she finds it difficult talking about her ordeal because it makes her emotional. (Photo: Shiraaz Mohamed)

Earlier in April 2021, the court issued an interdict in the drawn-out litigation between the residents and the SANDF, preventing soldiers from breaking down more shacks, using firearms to “harass” them and assaulting them.

Sharlene Ruiters outside her shack as one of her eight children stands in the doorway. She has no electricity, running water or toilet. She and other residents have to relieve themselves in an open field. Ruiters was evicted from the military base and placed in Duduza under unbearable living conditions. She later moved to Happiness Valley. (Photo: Shiraaz Mohamed)

The residents of Happiness Valley are the remaining members of a group of a few hundred who moved on to the military base in 2017 after it had fallen into disrepair. After they were evicted, some established a new informal settlement next to the base while others moved to land made available by the Ekurhuleni Local Municipality.

Ernst Nxumalo stands at a window in his shack. He says they are being denied basic human rights because of lack of electricity, running water and toilets. (Photo: Shiraaz Mohamed)

Judge Norman Davis, who issued the latest order, described the relationship between the parties as “an ongoing saga of unhappy co-existence”.

While the land on which Happiness Valley is located does not belong to the military, it is under the military’s control and is used for training, including the use of firearms, smoke and hand grenades, and dog training.

Ernst Nxumalo on his bicycle, his only means of transport, on his way to buy essentials in town. He says the military put an end to taxis operating in Happiness Valley. (Photo: Shiraaz Mohamed)

Koetsioe said stress around the fate of the village was having a huge impact on residents’ health. 

“Once, when I was in Limpopo, my wife had a heart attack. It is the stress of living here. It is terrible,” he added. 

Piet Chabalala says he was beaten up by soldiers in civilian clothing. He says he now suffers from a swollen leg. (Photo: Shiraaz Mohamed)

“This place took my friend Veli’s life. He was our secretary. There is no justice for him. Once we were driving to see the lawyers. He said he was not feeling well. I took him to hospital. He was in ICU and then he died. It is just bad.”

Christopher Koitsioe says justice is failing the community and that the local police do not want to help. As a result, they feel like outcasts. (Photo: Shiraaz Mohamed)

The military has denied all allegations of assault but admitted it was breaking down newly built shacks in Happiness Valley in terms of an agreement with the community. DM/MC

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Comments - Please in order to comment.

  • Matthew Quinton says:

    …”Sharlene Ruiters outside her shack as one of her eight children stands in the doorway”…


    Right there is the problem… it’s as simple as that. If you cannot feed them, do not breed them.


    As many as have been born in my entire family over 2.5 generations!

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