Business Maverick

Business Maverick

India’s stock market valuation reaches $4-trillion for the first time

India’s stock market valuation reaches $4-trillion for the first time
The Bombay Stock Exchange in Mumbai.

A surge in investments by retail traders and resurgent foreign inflows have put India’s stock market — the world’s fifth biggest — on the verge of a $4-trillion valuation for the first time.

The market capitalisation of securities listed on the nation’s exchanges has tripled since the March 2020 pandemic low to reach a whisker short of the $4-trillion mark as of Monday, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

India’s benchmark NSE Nifty 50 Index jumped 2.1% on Monday, leading gains in Asia, after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s party won three crucial state elections. The victories removed an element of political risk for investors by bolstering Modi’s position ahead of nationwide polls next year, increasing bets for continuity in government policy.

The feat for India’s stock market comes as the world’s fastest-growing major economy positions itself as an alternative to China for global investors and companies alike. Overseas funds have piled $15-billion into local shares this year, with the market also getting a steady boost from the retail investing boom that took off during the pandemic. Up 14% in 2023, the Nifty gauge is heading for an unprecedented eighth straight year of gains.

India’s economy stands out amid slowing global growth — gross domestic product jumped 7.6% in the three months to September from a year ago — with its appeal further burnished by China’s tepid post-pandemic recovery and its tensions with the West.

The same holds true for Indian stocks, with an MSCI Inc. gauge of local shares on track to beat a global emerging-markets measure by more than 10 percentage points for a third year in a row. The outperformance versus Chinese peers is even more stark, with the Indian gauge poised to outstrip the MSCI China Index by more than 20 percentage points for a third year.

“The Indian market for the last 10 years has seen unparalleled growth, be it in the corporate sector or the broader indices,” said Tanvi Kanchan, head of UAE business at India’s Anand Rathi Shares and Stock Brokers. “This year, we’ve seen small and mid cap companies outperforming and they are contributing to the broader economy’s capex recovery.”

India’s young population and Modi’s efforts to capture a bigger share of global supply chains are helping lure companies such as Apple Inc. to its shores. Meanwhile, global pension and sovereign wealth managers are flocking to India while growing hesitant on China, according to a new study by London-based think-tank Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum.

The stock market’s boom has also sparked a frenzy for initial public offerings, with some new listings posting stellar gains in recent days.

“Besides the structural promise, near-term factors that we believe will drive markets higher are robust activity data, impressive corporate earnings, easing oil prices, strong domestic flows,” JPMorgan Chase & Co. strategists led by Rajiv Batra wrote in a note on 30 November.

The risk for India could come from its high valuations. Several investors have voiced concerns the market is overvalued and that the India trade is getting too crowded, raising the odds of a pullback. At the same time, the rising participation of individual investors, many of whom are drawing on advice from unauthorised financial advisers and social media “gurus,” is becoming a concern for the market regulator.

For now though, Modi’s victories in state elections are seen aiding sentiment and raising India’s appeal for foreign investors, who turned buyers of local stocks in November for the first time in three months.

“What it does is give investors increased confidence, and duration to the India trade,” Matthew Haupt, portfolio manager at Wilson Asset Management in Sydney said on Monday. “We will likely see continued capital inflows to India.”

NOTE: The market capitalisation is calculated from all shares outstanding. ALLX WCAU data does not include ETFs and ADRs as they do not directly represent companies. It includes only actively traded, primary securities on the country’s exchanges to avoid double counting as well. Therefore the values will be significantly lower than market capitalisation values of a country’s exchanges from other sources.


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