Defend Truth


‘Beyond social grants, SA is tackling inequality while stimulating economic growth – here’s how’

‘Beyond social grants, SA is tackling inequality while stimulating economic growth – here’s how’
President Cyril Ramaphosa. (Photo: EPA-EFE / Nic Bothma)

In many ways, South Africa’s world-renowned social protection system provides important benefits for many in our society, not only those who receive social grants.

We have reached the end of Human Rights Month.

It is a time in which we reflect on the sacrifices that were made in the struggle for freedom, but also on the progress we have made in advancing the human rights of all.

The right to social security is explicit in the Bill of Rights. This is an approach that recognises that social security is essential to other rights, including the right to dignity.

It is this right that has underpinned the progressive expansion of South Africa’s social protection system over the past three decades.

In 1999, just over 2.5 million people were receiving social grants. Today that number has increased to more than 18 million people.

In addition, more than two million indigent households also receive free basic water, basic electricity and solid waste removal services as part of this government’s commitment to free basic services for the poor.

Expanding the social wage is not simply an indication that more people need grants today than before, as some have tried to suggest.

In the past, many of the poor, including working-age adults who are unemployed, simply did not receive any support.

The Social Relief of Distress grant that was introduced in 2020 in response to the coronavirus pandemic reached more than 11 million people at its peak, and has lifted millions of people out of food poverty. According to research about 50% of the purchases made by SRD grant recipients are groceries.

Social grants also act as a stimulus for the economy as a whole, increase spending in townships and rural areas, and improve employment outcomes.

Read more in Daily Maverick: ‘While we all desperately want to, we cannot end load shedding overnight’

An interview-based study by the University of Johannesburg of informal traders in the Johannesburg CBD, Orange Farm, Mthatha, Mqanduli and Warwick Junction in Durban, found that the SRD grant stimulated customer spending, provided capital to purchase stock, and enabled the new businesses to be initiated.

Informal traders and SRD grant recipients in Philippi in the Western Cape also told researchers that it had a positive impact on their businesses.

According to another recent study by researchers at the University of Cape Town the SRD grant also increased the probability of recipients searching for jobs and gaining employment.

Similarly, many participants in the Presidential Employment Stimulus Initiative (PESI) have gone on to find work after they have completed the programme. The school assistants programme has provided opportunities for 750,000 young people to date in more than 22,000 schools, reaching every corner of the country.

More than 72% of participants in the PESI said that, having gained their first work experience, the programme helped them to gain a foothold in the labour market thereafter.

Social protection benefits

In all of these ways, South Africa’s world-renowned social protection system provides important benefits for many in our society, not only those who receive social grants.

It supports economic growth from the bottom up, enables business activity, and strengthens social solidarity and stability. It is one of the greatest achievements of our democratic society, and one that we should all be proud of.

The SRD grant alone represents a significant step in our commitment to provide a minimum level of support below which no South African should fall.

As I said in the State of the Nation Address last month, we are working on options to provide basic income support for the unemployed, within our fiscal constraints, beyond the expiry of the SRD grant in April next year.

If the focus of our struggle for liberation was to end apartheid and achieve political freedom, the focus of our efforts now must be to address inequality and ensure that every South African enjoys the fruits of democracy.

It is now well recognised that inequality constrains growth, and that growth which takes place in unequal societies tends to reproduce those patterns of inequality.

This is why our economic policy is guided by the need on the one hand to implement structural reforms to stimulate growth and enhance our economic competitiveness, while on the other hand expanding social protection and public employment and supporting the social wage.

We cannot have one without the other, and we are making steady progress on both. DM

This is the President’s weekly letter to the nation, released on Monday.


Comments - Please in order to comment.

  • Christopher Bedford says:

    Yah, sure thing, Mr Prez.

  • Malcolm Kent says:

    Stimulating growth is essential & laudable Mr President, but for that growth to flourish it needs the country to have a stable & reliable infrastructure – power, water, sewage, transport, policing – all the things that your government has allowed to decay to the point of collapse through ineptitude, inefficiency & corruption. As a result, established businesses, never mind new ones, are struggling to survive. So your ‘steady progress’ in stimulating growth will amount to nought until the basic necessities are addressed.

Please peer review 3 community comments before your comment can be posted


This article is free to read.

Sign up for free or sign in to continue reading.

Unlike our competitors, we don’t force you to pay to read the news but we do need your email address to make your experience better.

Nearly there! Create a password to finish signing up with us:

Please enter your password or get a sign in link if you’ve forgotten

Open Sesame! Thanks for signing up.

We would like our readers to start paying for Daily Maverick...

…but we are not going to force you to. Over 10 million users come to us each month for the news. We have not put it behind a paywall because the truth should not be a luxury.

Instead we ask our readers who can afford to contribute, even a small amount each month, to do so.

If you appreciate it and want to see us keep going then please consider contributing whatever you can.

Support Daily Maverick→
Payment options

Daily Maverick Elections Toolbox

Download the Daily Maverick Elections Toolbox.

+ Your election day questions answered
+ What's different this election
+ Test yourself! Take the quiz