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Rahul Gandhi

Indian court orders Rahul Gandhi to two years in jail for Modi comment

Indian court orders Rahul Gandhi to two years in jail for Modi comment
India's main opposition Congress Party senior leader Rahul Gandhi leader waves during the 'Bharat Jodo Yatra', or 'Unite India March' in Srinagar, the summer capital of Indian Kashmir, 29 January 2023. EPA-EFE/FAROOQ KHAN

AHMEDABAD, India, March 23 (Reuters) - A lower court in India sentenced opposition leader Rahul Gandhi on Thursday to two years in jail on charges of defamation for a 2019 speech in which he referred to thieves as having the surname Modi.

Gandhi will appeal against the order in a higher court, but any jailing for him or his disqualification from parliament would be a blow to his Congress party ahead of the 2024 general election, which Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s party is widely expected to win.

The judgment was passed by a magistrate’s court in the city of Surat, located in Modi’s home state of Gujarat. The case was brought by a Gujarat lawmaker from Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Gandhi, the 52-year-old scion of the Nehru-Gandhi political dynasty, was present at the Surat court, which gave him bail immediately and suspended the sentence for a month.

“Accused Rahul Gandhi is held guilty … and sentenced to two years simple imprisonment,” Harish Varma, the chief judicial magistrate of Surat, said in his order.

Ketan Reshamwala, an advocate for complainant Purnesh Modi, said the court had found Gandhi’s comment defamatory.

An adviser to the federal government, Kanchan Gupta, said Gandhi could face immediate disqualification from parliament following the conviction, in line with a 2013 order of the country’s highest court.

“So while it appears from reports that Mr. Gandhi’s sentence has been suspended by the court that convicted him, he would have to soon obtain a stay on the conviction from an appellate court to save himself from disqualification,” said lawyer Vikram Hegde.

In the speech ahead of the last general election in 2019, Gandhi referred to the prime minister and two fugitive Indian businessmen, all surnamed Modi, while talking about alleged high-level corruption in the country.

On Thursday, Gandhi, a former Congress president who is currently an influential MP, told the court that his comment was not against any community.

Congress members rallied behind Gandhi, with many state units planning protests later in the day and on Friday.

“The Modi government is a victim of political bankruptcy”, Congress president Mallikarjun Kharge said on Twitter. “We will appeal in the higher court.”

Gandhi also received support from the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) that rules Delhi and two of whose top leaders are in jail on what they call trumped-up charges.

“A conspiracy is being hatched to eliminate non-BJP leaders and parties by prosecuting them,” AAP chief and Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal wrote on Twitter.

“We have differences with the Congress, but it is not right to implicate Rahul Gandhi in a defamation case like this. It is the job of the public and the opposition to ask questions. We respect the court but disagree with the decision.”

Gandhi’s once-dominant Congress controls less than 10% of the elected seats in parliament’s lower house and lost badly to the BJP in the last two general elections.

Modi remains India’s most popular politician by a substantial margin and opinion polls have shown he is expected to win a third victory at the election next year.

Unlike in many countries, where defamation is a civil offence, Indian law also has provisions which classify it as a criminal offence punishable with a jail term of up to two years.

By Sumit Khanna and Arpan Chaturvedi

(Reporting by Sumit Khanna in Ahmedabad and Arpan Chaturvedi and Y.P. Rajesh in New Delhi; Writing by Shilpa Jamkhandikar and Krishna N. Das; Editing by Raju Gopalakrishnan, William Maclean)

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