Business Maverick


Government comes to Eskom’s rescue by taking over R254bn of its debt 

Government comes to Eskom’s rescue by taking over R254bn of its debt 
Ankerlig power station. (Photo: Eskom) | The Arnot coal-fired power station in Mpumalanga. (Photo: Waldo Swiegers / Bloomberg via Getty Images) | Generators in a turbine hall. (Photo: Waldo Swiegers / Bloomberg via Getty Images) | The Eskom Matla coal-fired power station in Mpumalanga. (Photo: Waldo Swiegers / Bloomberg via Getty Images)

Eskom’s debt stands at R423bn. The government plans to take over a portion of Eskom’s debt, providing money to the power utility to pay its debt and interest payments over the next three years. 

The government plans to provide Eskom with debt relief worth R254-billion to ease the utility’s worrying financial situation and provide it with the space to fund the maintenance of its power stations.

In essence, the government plans to take over a portion of Eskom’s debt, providing money to the power utility to pay its debt and interest payments over the next three years. 

Eskom’s debt stands at R423-billion and the power utility is struggling to independently pay it back because it doesn’t generate enough revenue from electricity sales. Eskom’s outgoing CEO Andrè de Ruyter has previously argued that for Eskom to be financially sustainable, at least R200-billion of the power utility’s debt should be taken off its financial books. 

With the government’s intervention and takeover of Eskom’s debt worth R254-billion, the power utility’s debt is expected to reduce to below R300-billion. Removing debt obligations from Eskom’s financial books will pave the way for the power utility to embark on other capital initiatives such as allocating more money for the maintenance of its power stations, the breakdowns of which cause rolling blackouts. 

The government is already exposed to Eskom’s debt because it guarantees most of it (about 60%). Lenders and banks have provided Eskom with debt on the basis that the government, or the taxpayer, would step in and pay for it if the power utility fails to do so. So, the government issues Eskom guarantees and would be on the hook for debt payments if the power utility enters a default scenario. 

The shape and mechanism of the Eskom debt relief was revealed on Wednesday 22 February 2023 in the National Treasury’s 2023 Budget review documents. 

How it will work is that the Treasury will provide Eskom with payments in three tranches from 1 April 2023 to 2026. Eskom will receive the first payment worth  R78-billion in 2023/24, R66 billion in 2024/25 and then R40-billion in 2025/26. 

Visit Daily Maverick’s home page for more news, analysis and investigations

The Treasury says these payments will cover Eskom’s capital (loan) and interest payments when they fall due, and the funds can only be used to reduce the power utility’s smothering debt load.

The Eskom debt relief measure will come at an extreme cost to the government as it will worsen its own debt profile. Over the past five years, the government has been on a mission to reduce and stablise its debt and expenditure. Its expenditure alone tends to go towards consumption measures such as paying SA’s 1.2 million public servants and paying down debt, instead of funding initiatives that can grow the economy and create jobs. 

Helping Eskom will result in the government’s total debt increasing from R4.73-trillion in 2022/23 to R5.84-trillion in 2025/26 and will decline thereafter. As a percentage of GDP, government debt will rise from 71.1% to 73.6% over this period. The government initially anticipated that its total debt would decrease and stabilise by 2025. But it will, in fact, increase.  Rising debt is not good because it consumes the government’s revenue as it pays more in debt and interest payments. 

The debt relief measure to Eskom is not a blank cheque as there are strict conditions attached to it. The conditions include, among others;

  • From 1 April 2023, Eskom will not be allowed to take on more or new debt from lenders and commercial banks because the intention of the relief measure is to ease its debt profile. Approval from Treasury needs to be sought if Eskom needs to borrow more money.
  • Eskom will no longer have access to government guarantees. It had a government guarantee framework agreement worth R350-billion, which will be cancelled.
  • Eskom’s capital expenditure will be restricted to its infrastructure that allows for the transmission and distribution of electricity. The only spending that Eskom will be allowed to embark on is the maintenance of its old power stations. But no large investment or capital projects can be undertaken by Eskom.
  • Eskom cannot implement remuneration adjustments that negatively affect its overall financial position and sustainability. In other words, Eskom cannot award its workers salary/wage increase in its remuneration bill and worsening its financial position.
  • Before implementing the entire debt transfer plan, Eskom and the Treasury require approval from its bond/debt holders. The government is still in consultation with debt holders.



Comments - Please in order to comment.

  • Manie Krause says:

    I understand that 423 – 254 < 300 is true but <200 slightly more accurate?

  • Patrick O'Shea says:

    What they mean is, our elected representatives have decided to foist this debt on to the taxpayer so the parasites can continue stealing electricity as before.

  • Craig Cauvin says:

    Must be nice to keep spending other peoples money…

  • Sydney Kaye says:

    Foreign bond holders have always assumed that Eskom bonds were either guaranteed or effectively guaranteed by the state so this won’t make much difference to perceived government debt levels or Eskom yields,but

  • James Francis says:

    A lot of politicians and their handlers are going to be pragmatic with Eskom’s new financial capacity and “eat a little bit.”

  • Kirsten du Toit says:

    The politization of Eskom has been apparent for the last 7 years, at least.

    The inability of the ruling party to address the situation shows the severity and depth of the endemic rot. Now the endemic rot has appointed more endemic rot to try and rectify the endemic rot. Wot the rot?

    Do or don’t do, there is no try – Yoda. How can this, even in the simplest of terms be justified, let alone, sanctioned! Fight, fight, do not go quietly into this dark night!

    May the constitution withstand this corrupt onslaught on its principles, pray it protect its constituents. This rot can not be allowed to continue unabated; Eskom the official war chest of the ruling party, most certainly its power generation a mere sideline. The time for intense scrutiny is now.

    Topple the decayed pylons of corruption good citizens, intrepid journalists, upholders of our hard won constitution. When good people remain quiet, rot rules. Hammering home a point, please bear with… also mangling quotes & cliches but, you get the picture, to be sure.

    Transnet/PRASA, read previous election and cronyism funding mechanism, has collapsed, the golden goose fleeced to death. SAA got R1billion but, that’s probably just funding for the chosen in the upcoming elections. Denel & downwards, all victims; national pride, no more.

    Expound on other victims? Nah! With the cost of fuel & excise, off to the local for self-medication is off the cards.

    And that’s before grey-listing, cry the beloved economy!

  • Laurence Grubb Grubb says:


Please peer review 3 community comments before your comment can be posted

Make your taxes work for you

Donate to Daily Maverick’s non-profit arm, the Scorpio Investigative Unit, by 29 February 2024 and you’ll qualify for a tax break.

We issue Section 18A tax certificates for all donations made to Daily Maverick. These can be presented to SARS for tax relief.

Make your donation today

Support Daily Maverick→
Payment options