UKRAINE UPDATE: 10 AUGUST 2022
Russian oil halted on central European pipeline; explosions rock Crimean air base
Russian crude flows through Ukraine to Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic were halted because sanctions prevented payment of a transit fee, dealing a fresh blow to Europe’s energy security.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky expressed his gratitude to US President Joe Biden for what he called “another unprecedented security aid package” to help the country defend itself against Russia’s invasion.
“Every dollar of such aid is a step towards defeating the aggressor,” Zelensky said in a tweet. A Pentagon official said as many as 80,000 Russians may have been killed or wounded in Ukraine.
- Russia is scouring the globe for weapons to use in Ukraine
- Russian oil flow halted through pipeline to central Europe
- Roman Abramovich’s London empire unravels as sanctions bite
- Russia ‘temporarily’ halts US inspections under new Start treaty
- US to give Ukraine $1bn more in weapons from inventory
- The US-led drive to isolate Russia and China is falling short
On the ground
Amid continuing safety concerns around the nuclear power plant at Zaporizhzhia — the world’s largest — the Institute for the Study of War (ISW) said that Russian forces had dug trenches in and around the facility. Kremlin officials have accused Ukraine of repeatedly attacking the plant, while Ukrainian officials have said that Russian forces are attacking their positions from within it and essentially using it as a shield, according to the ISW’s latest report. Russian forces also continued ground assaults to the northwest and southwest of the eastern city of Donetsk, the Washington-based institute said. The city of Kharkiv in the northeast was shelled overnight, according to local authorities.
Russia scours globe for weapons as supply lines strain
A merchant ship under US sanctions passed Turkey’s Bosphorus Strait on its way from Syria to Russia late last month, carrying what European intelligence officials say were military vehicles as the Kremlin seeks to bolster its invasion of Ukraine.
Sparta II’s journey to the Black Sea port of Novorossiysk underlines Russian efforts to tap available resources at home and abroad as supply lines strain under the pressure of Europe’s largest military campaign since World War 2. While Ukraine has received billions of dollars of weapons from the US and Europe to help defend itself, Russia must rely on its own reserves to support frontline forces.
Russia says ammunition explodes at Crimean air base
Russia’s Defence Ministry said munitions exploded at a military air base in Crimea, without causing any casualties or damage to aviation equipment.
The ministry said it was investigating the incident, which it said wasn’t caused by an incoming strike, the Tass state news service reported. Videos of explosions and large plumes of smoke were shared on social media, prompting speculation of a Ukrainian missile strike.
Local officials in Crimea, which Russia annexed from Ukraine in 2014 and is being used as a base for the invasion of the neighbouring country, said they ordered a 5km exclusion zone around the air base.
Russia more than triples current account surplus
Russia’s current account surplus more than tripled from last year after notching record levels since the invasion of Ukraine, as declines in imports combined with booming revenues from energy and commodity sales abroad.
Russian crude flows halted to central Europe
Flows of Russian crude oil via Ukraine to Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic were halted last week after sanctions prevented Russia from paying a transit fee, according to the nation’s pipeline operator, Transneft.
Ukrtransnafta, which operates Ukraine’s oil pipeline network and supplies crude via the southern leg of the Druzhba link, halted Russian deliveries on August 4, Transneft said. Flows via the northern leg of the link to Poland and Germany are unaffected.
Wizz Air to resume Russia flights
Hungarian discount carrier Wizz Air Holdings’ Gulf venture said it planned to resume daily flights to Moscow from Abu Dhabi from October 3 even as sanctions imposed over the invasion of Ukraine continue to outlaw services from the European Union.
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi is majority owned by Abu Dhabi’s state-backed holding company ADQ, with Wizz owning only a 49% stake. Airlines in the UAE have continued services to Russia in the absence of local sanctions, with Dubai-based Emirates, the world’s largest long-haul airline, pledging to carry on flying there for as long as it is told to do so by its government owner.
North Korea ‘may send labourers to Ukraine’
Denis Pushilin, head of the self-declared Donetsk People’s Republic in eastern Ukraine, said he’s expecting North Korea to send construction workers to territories occupied by Russia. “We need builders. We are in talks to have workers from North Korea,” Pushilin said, according to Russian state media.
North Korea announced last month it was recognising the Kremlin-backed Donetsk and Luhansk people’s republics, following a similar move by Russian President Vladimir Putin in February. Russia is preparing to stage referendums there as soon as next month as a potential pretext for annexation.
Russia may give up stake in Eurasian Development Bank
Russia plans to give up its majority stake in the Eurasian Development Bank, formed by six former Soviet states to promote economic integration, to reduce the risk the lender will be targeted by sanctions, according to three people with knowledge of the plan.
Russia, which holds 65.97% in the bank, wants to reduce its combined stake with Belarus to less than half, according to the people, who asked not to be identified because the plans are not public. Kazakhstan may end up as the controlling shareholder if a deal goes through, two of the people said. Russia was hit with restrictions on financing, imports and technology after it invaded Ukraine, and authorities are seeking to further fortify the country’s institutions against additional measures.
Russian casualties ‘as many as 80,000’
Colin Kahl, US under-secretary of defence for policy, said that as many as 80,000 Russian troops had probably been killed or wounded in Ukraine in less than six months. Russia last published information on casualties in late March, when it said 1,351 had been killed and 3,825 wounded.
Conditions in the east have stabilised and the focus has shifted to the south, leading to Russia being “forced to redeploy their forces down there,” Kahl said on Monday at a news conference.
“Both sides are taking casualties, the war is the most intense conventional conflict in Europe since the Second World War, but the Ukrainians have a lot of advantages, not the least of which their will to fight,” he added, according to a transcript.
EU condemns Russian actions near nuclear plant
Shelling at and around the Zaporizhzhia plant had caused “significant damage” to some of its infrastructure, including close to dry storage for spent nuclear fuel inside the plant’s perimeter, European Union Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson said, condemning Russian forces for what she called “reckless behaviour.”
Simson said the EU’s radioactivity monitoring systems had not indicated any increase of radiation in the bloc or Ukraine but said any military activity near the plant was “unacceptably dangerous”.
Nordic trio to monitor Russia in Baltic
Denmark, Norway and Sweden agreed to jointly patrol their airspace and increase sharing of naval radar images to counter “aggressive” Russian behaviour in the Baltic Sea, Denmark’s public broadcaster DR cited the Nordic nations’ defence ministers as saying.
The closer coordination is intended to address “regular” violations by Russian military aircraft and vessels in the region. Denmark’s defence minister, Morten Bodskov, cited an episode from June 17 when a Russian warship twice entered Danish waters near its Bornholm island, according to DR.
Two grain ships depart from Chernomorsk
Two grain ships departed from Ukraine’s Chernomorsk on Tuesday morning, Turkey’s defence ministry said in a tweet, the latest to leave under the newly-established export corridor.
The Ocean Lion is carrying 64,720 tonnes of corn to South Korea while the Rahmi Yagci is carrying 5,300 tonnes of sunflower meal to Turkey, the ministry said. The shipments may gradually bring relief to squeezed global markets, but many challenges remain before the millions of tonnes of food still stuck in Ukraine can be released.
US gets warrant to seize Russian’s plane
The US got a warrant to seize a $90-million private Airbus plane owned by a member of the Russian Duma who allegedly has ties to organised crime.
A judge on Monday signed a warrant permitting officials to seize the plane belonging to Andrey Skoch, according to a statement by Manhattan US Attorney Damian Williams. The plane is currently located in Kazakhstan, according to legal papers.
US providing $4.5bn more budget aid
The US is providing Ukraine with an additional $4.5-billion in direct budgetary support, using a World Bank-managed programme to mobilise the funds. The first $3-billion will be distributed this month, and is the fifth US disbursement to the Ukrainian government, the US Treasury said in a statement.
“This economic assistance is critical in supporting the Ukrainian people as they defend their democracy against Russia’s unprovoked war of aggression,” Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said. Once the additional funds are fully disbursed, the US will have provided a total of $8.5-billion in direct budgetary support to Ukraine.
Russia ‘temporarily’ halts nuclear inspections
Russia said it has informed the US that it is halting US inspections of its nuclear weapons sites under the New Start treaty in protest at what it described as efforts by Washington to maintain unequal access.
The Foreign Ministry in Moscow said the ban on flights from Russia to the US and allied countries and visa restrictions for transit countries meant that Russian inspectors were unable to travel to the US, while US inspections were proceeding unhindered. “We would like to stress that these are temporary measures,” the ministry said in a statement on its website.
US giving $1bn more in weapons
The US package includes long-range artillery munitions, anti-tank weapons and medical vehicles and supplies, the Defense Department said in a statement.
It’s the 18th drawdown of Pentagon inventories since August 2021 and brings the total of US security assistance to Ukraine under the Biden administration to about $9.8-billion. DM