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Chinese Naval Base in Solomons a ‘Red Line’, Australia Says

Chinese Naval Base in Solomons a ‘Red Line’, Australia Says
Scott Morrison, Australia's prime minister, speaks during a news conference in Sydney, Australia, on Friday, May 7, 2021. For Morrison, Tuesday’s annual budget can’t come soon enough as he tries to put a torrid opening to the year behind him and focus voter attention on the strength of the economic recovery.

Australia Prime Minister Scott Morrison said a Chinese military base in the Solomon Islands would be unacceptable for his government, as he attempts to deflect criticism he did not move quickly enough to avoid a security agreement between Honiara and Beijing.

Speaking at a press conference on Sunday in Darwin, Morrison said his determination to avoid a naval base in the Solomon Islands was shared not just by the US but by the Pacific nation’s Prime Minister, Manasseh Sogavare.

Read More: Why the Solomons Pact Has Riled the US

Morrison said Sogavare had assured him personally there would be no military base in the Solomons. “This is a shared concern, not just Australia. This is Australia with regional governments,” he said.

On Friday, a delegation led by President Joe Biden’s East Asia Czar Kurt Campbell visited the country to have a “substantial discussion” with Sogavare about the pact. The prime minister on Monday said in doing so, Washington had “revitalised relations” with the Solomon Islands and he welcomed, once again, a US decision to re-establish its embassy.

“Contrary to misinformation promoted by anti-government critics, the Solomon Islands – China Security Cooperation is not about China establishing a military base in Solomon Islands but is about supporting the state to address its internal hard and soft security threats,” Sogavare said.

Election Issue

When asked by journalists what he would do in the event of the announcement of a Chinese military base in the Solomons, Morrison didn’t say.

Australia’s Liberal National coalition is working to contain the political fallout from the announcement in the past week that the Solomon Islands had signed a security agreement with China, the details of which have not been made public. A draft of the agreement leaked in late March would allow Chinese naval vessels a safe harbour just 2,000 kilometres (from Australia’s coastline.

Both Australia and the US have long been concerned about the possibility of China obtaining a military foothold in the Pacific, and the agreement is a major diplomatic victory for the Chinese government. The opposition Labour Party described the pact as the “worst failure of Australian foreign policy in the Pacific since the end of World War II”.

Speaking to the Australian Broadcasting Corporation on Monday morning, Labour’s shadow defence minister Brendan O’Connor said he would request a briefing from the government on what it would do if the “red line” was crossed by China.

“The fact that we have to turn to using that type of language is too little, too late. We should have been doing more,” he said.

Morrison’s government is currently campaigning for a fourth term in power at a national election due to be held on May 21. Despite Australia’s strong economy and record low unemployment, Morrison’s center-right government is trailing Labour in opinion polling. BM

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