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UNCOOPERATIVE GOVERNANCE

Dlamini Zuma faces legal battle over Eastern Cape’s ‘failed intervention’ in Sakhisizwe municipality

Dlamini Zuma faces legal battle over Eastern Cape’s ‘failed intervention’ in Sakhisizwe municipality
(Illustration: Leila Dougan | Sources: Schoolboy Vuyo Hambisa in the hills of the Eastern Cape near Coffee Bay, South Africa, on 6 November 2014. (EPA / KIM LUDBROOK) | Protesters clash with police over service delivery issues in Bronkhorstspruit on 6 February 2014. (EPA / KIM LUDBROOK) | Sakhisizwe Municipality coat of arms. (www.sakhisizwe.gov.za) / Municipalities.co.za)

Four civil society organisations will square off with the Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs, Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, in court over what they have termed ‘the failed intervention’ by the Eastern Cape provincial government in the struggling Sakhisizwe Local Municipality.

Civil society organisations in the Sakhisizwe Local Municipality will ask a court to compel the Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs, Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, to take a decision on a national takeover of the local government after a futile four-year fight. 

The Sakhisizwe Local Municipality is the seat of local government for the towns of Cala and Khowa (formerly Elliot). 

Lwazi Ncapayi from the Cala University Students’ Association (Calusa) said they and other civil society structures in the municipality had decided to institute legal proceedings against Dlamini Zuma after her office failed to take a decision on a request for national intervention in the affairs of the Sakhisizwe Local Municipality. 

The request for national intervention was first lodged at the minister’s office on 9 September 2020 after what Ncapayi called “a minimalist and ineffective” intervention by the provincial government which involved the secondment of officials from the provincial office of the MEC for Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (Cogta), Xolile Nqatha. 

“This intervention was triggered by correspondence addressed by Calusa and the civil society structures to the MEC of Cogta decrying the collapse of governance and the state of the dysfunctionality of the Sakhisizwe Local Municipality in 2018 and up to 2021,” Ncapayi said. 

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In 2018, after a wave of protests in the then Elliot and Cala over the dysfunctional Sakhisizwe municipality, civil society organisations in the two towns created a forum led by Calusa. The forum opened a dialogue with the local government structures. 

What followed was a frustrating four years of attempts to get information from all levels of government.  

A letter was sent to the municipality in November 2018 requesting access to financial records of the municipality, land audit reports and bylaws passed after the municipality came into existence. Several follow-up letters went unanswered.  

Nkatha was asked to help and in the letter to him, Calusa addressed the failure of service delivery in the municipality. Calusa says no response came. 

In April 2019, the forum tried again. The MEC did not respond and the forum asked the Public Protector to intervene. 

In June 2019, the forum wrote to the Office of the Premier, requesting its immediate intervention as governance had collapsed in the municipality. The Office of the Premier failed to respond. 

A few weeks later another letter was sent, asking that the municipality be placed under administration.  

Meanwhile, the fight to get access to the information requested from the municipality continued, with officials questioning the authority of the forum to ask for the documents they had requested. 

In July 2019, after the forum asked the municipal officials to vacate their offices until they recognised civil society as a component of the municipality and were ready to account for the misgovernance of the municipality, Nkatha finally intervened and placed the municipality under administration.  

An acting municipal manager was appointed, but the forum received no report-back.  

On 29 August 2019, the forum again lodged an application for access to information concerning the state of governance of the municipality. They were told the documents had not been handed over because the municipality did not have a portfolio head of finance and administration. 

The Public Protector instructed the municipality to respond to the Promotion of Access to Information Act application. 

From 2020 several requests for a response were ignored and Calusa stated in an update on their work that “our attempts at engaging Sakhisizwe Municipality have reached a deadlock”. 

The forum asked:

  • That the municipality be placed under a stronger form of administration;
  • That action be taken against any municipal officials who did not support the intervention;
  • That the municipal officials who had failed to perform their constitutional and legislative duties be disciplined;
  • That action be taken against officials implicated in financial misconduct; and
  • That the municipality be assisted to design and implement proper systems.

“When the provincial government failed to intervene as requested in Sakhisizwe, the matter was taken up to the minister’s office for its intervention and, after a long period of non-response, the minister’s office acknowledged receipt of the complaint on 19 February 2021 and advised that the minister had requested documents from the Office of the MEC and ‘that an assessment would be conducted, and a report would be tabled by 05 March 2021’,” Ncapayi said. 

“The minister failed to meet the 5 March 2021 deadline and Calusa, through its lawyers, the University of the Witwatersrand’s Centre for Applied Legal Studies (Cals), addressed a letter to the minister registering its dissatisfaction with the state of the municipality, its impact on the delivery of basic services to the Sakhisizwe community and requesting access to the MEC’s report to the minister concerning the intervention in Sakhisizwe.  

“When good faith engagement with the office of the minister proved fruitless, we were forced to bring an application for access to the reports that were in the MEC’s office by bringing an application before court in terms of the Promotion of Access to Information Act in order to access the provincial government’s reports on the ‘support’ given to Sakhisizwe.”  

A further visit by a delegation from the minister’s office and officials from the offices of the Eastern Cape premier and Nqatha led to a commitment from the minister to conduct an assessment of the situation and provide feedback. 

Ncapayi continued: “On 10 March 2022, Cals addressed a letter to the minister’s office on behalf of Calusa expressing the organisation’s dissatisfaction over the minister’s failure to take a decision on a matter that has been before the minister’s office for over a year and six months. 

“The minister’s office was supposed to respond to the letter or communicate her decision by 28 March 2022. The 28 March deadline in terms of our letter has come and gone, and, to date, no response has been forthcoming from the minister’s office. 

“On Friday, 1 April, Calusa, in consultation with its legal representatives, Cals, resolved to institute judicial review proceedings in terms of the Promotion of Administrative Justice Act for an order of the court mandating the minister to intervene and produce a report outlining the depth of the problems facing Sakhisizwe municipality and what kind of intervention her office will make in remedying the crises. 

“The intervention is important for several reasons, such as the municipality’s ability to deliver basic services to the residents of Sakhisizwe in a sustainable manner and to seek accountability for the financial problems being experienced by the municipality.” 

Calusa is supported by the Domestic Violence Unit in Cala, the Elliot Residents’ Association and the Siyazakha Land and Development Forum. 

Nkatha’s spokesperson, Makhaya Komisa, referred all questions to the national department. 

Last week the national government took over the Enoch Mgijima Local Municipality based in Komani (formerly Queenstown) after two attempts by the provincial government to place it under administration had failed – despite one of these being an order of court. 

The Democratic Alliance’s constituency leader in the Komani district, Jane Cowley, said the provincial government lacked the political will to sort out the mess. 

Enoch Mgijima Local Municipality was one of many identified in the province as being under extreme financial stress. Others include the Walter Sisulu, Raymond Mhlaba, Dr Beyers Naude, Mhlontlo, Koukamma, Makana, Great Kei, Amahlathi, Inxuba Yethemba, Ingquza Hill, Port St Johns and King Sabata Dalindyebo local municipalities. 

One of the province’s biggest district municipalities, the Amathole District Municipality, a major water supplier for the central part of the province, is still under administration.  

The OR Tambo Municipality was brought out of administration earlier this year after complying with regulations. DM/MC

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Comments - Please in order to comment.

  • Louis Potgieter says:

    This saga has continued over the local municipal elections last year. According to Wikipedia, the elections resulted in the ANC support falling from 14/17 to 13/17 seats.
    Insanity extends beyond the officials of the local council.

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