Reflections of a Wayward Boy: Setting up the primary division of Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College – chronicle of an ANC decline foretold

Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci advised that one should always exercise pessimism of the intellect and optimism of the will. As the Bell family flew from New Zealand in 1980 to start the ANC’s primary school in Tanzania, I exercised only optimism. This was based on a series of wished-for assumptions which I passed on to Barbara and the children. Reality ultimately provided a huge shock.