South Africa


Thulsie twins convicted on terror charges after plea bargain

Thulsie twins convicted on terror charges after plea bargain
Thulsie twins Brandon-Lee and Tony-Lee Thulsie) appear at Johannesburg high court on January 17, 2022 in Johannesburg, South Africa. It is reported that the twins were arrested in 2016 during raids in Gauteng, with the authorities alleging they were linked to Islamic State (ISIS). (Photo: Gallo Images/Papi Morake)

A plea bargain ends the tortuous case in which the Johannesburg brothers were charged for conspiring with Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant.

After almost six years in jail awaiting trial, the Thulsie twins pleaded guilty on Monday of trying to leave South Africa to join the Islamic State in Syria. Tony-Lee Thulsie also pleaded guilty to conspiring to conduct terror attacks against foreign embassies and local Jewish interests in South Africa.

Under the terms of a plea bargain with the prosecutor, Tony-Lee Thulsie was sentenced to 11 years in prison and his brother Brandon-Lee received an eight-year prison sentence. They have already been in jail awaiting trial since July 2016, so Tony-Lee will effectively serve about five years and Brandon-Lee about two.

Brandon-Lee Thulsie and Tony-Lee Thulsie/Facebook

The convictions of the two Johannesburg brothers in the Johannesburg High Court were the first for international terrorism under the 2004 Protection of Constitutional Democracy Against Terrorist and Related Activities Act (Pocdatara) — known in shorthand as the terrorism act.  Previous convictions under the act have been against local right-wingers.

Under the plea bargain, both accused pleaded guilty to attempting to travel to Syria twice in 2015 to join Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), to conduct terrorist activities. Both times authorities prevented them leaving, suspecting their true intent. The brothers also pleaded guilty to downloading ISIL literature from the internet, including instructions on how to acquire weapons and make bombs. 

In addition, Tony-Lee pleaded guilty to the charge of conspiracy to commit a terrorist attack in South Africa. The state alleged he had been in regular contact with a person outside South Africa with strong links to ISIL. Tony-Lee requested instructions on how to make an explosive device and indicated he had targets in mind and said intended also to blow himself up in the attack.

The state’s evidence indicated he intended to attack US, UK, Russian or French diplomats and embassies in Pretoria and Jewish interests.

In exchange for their guilty pleas on these charges, the state withdrew several other charges against the Thulsies, such as financing terrorist activities and soliciting support for a terrorist organization, i.e. ISIL.

The guilty pleas, convictions and sentencing on Monday bring to a close a long and tortured legal process that was characterised by many delays and growing frustration by the court.

Brendon-Lee and Tony-Lee Thulsie appear in the Gauteng high court sitting in Johannesburg on January 26, 2022 in Johannesburg, South Africa. (Photo: Gallo Images/Papi Morake)

The delays included an unsuccessful attempt by the Thulsies to seek bail as well as an ongoing effort by their defence team to have the case dismissed or referred back from the high court to the Regional Court where the case had started in 2016.

The defence claimed the case had been wrongfully transferred to the high court. Last year Johannesburg high court judge Ratha Mokgoatlheng dismissed their application and then also denied them leave to appeal his decision to the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA)

The defence applied directly to the SCA but it also refused to hear the case. The defence persisted and told the high court it intended to approach the SCA Judge President directly.

The judges involved in the case grew increasingly irritable at the delays. Last October when state prosecutor, advocate Adele Barnard, informed Judge Ramarumo Monama that the defence had requested a postponement of the start of the trial to March 2022, he refused, saying such an order would be “preposterous.”

“I am not inclined to give any postponement until next year. That is unacceptable. What I am trying to alert or revive is that we are not only dealing with the niceties of the law. We are dealing with the essence of the survival of the rule of law, if these people can be kept in custody for that long. So, for that reason, I was not going to entertain any application for this matter to be postponed to next year. It’s preposterous to make such an order,” said the judge.

And at the last hearing of the case, on January 17 and 18 this year, judge Mokgoatlheng also criticised all the delays and said the case must proceed on February 7. The Thulsies’ advocate, Abu Bakr Omar, said the defence was not available on that day and that he was also awaiting additional information from the prosecution. But the judge insisted.

He also instructed Barnard to hand over all her evidence to the defence, even confidential files which she had withheld until then, as she was entitled to do, for security reasons. She agreed to hand over all the evidence on instruction from the court.

Seeing all the evidence that the state had against them may have convinced the Thulsies and their lawyers to settle out of court. DM 

[hearken id=”daily-maverick/9072″]


Comments - Please in order to comment.

  • Rory Macnamara says:

    and when their short jail sentences are finished, what happens? do they carry on with their terrorist activities? Mandela spent 27 years in prison for terrorism, undeserved but a discussion for another time, and these twits get off with the equivalent of a slap on the wrist in comparison! doesn’t make sense.

  • Fanie Rajesh Ngabiso says:

    There can be no justification for intending to kill / assisting in any way the killing of random people. Throw away the key I say.

  • Keith Scott says:

    They have gone into prison as martyrs/heros in the eyes of ISIS supporters and will come out the same.

  • virginia crawford says:

    Very short sentences, but a very long trial. Why do judges allow all these delaying tactics and tricks by the defence? Also, prisons have been recruiting grounds for extremists: many attacks in Europe were carried out by petty criminals radicalized in prison.

  • Laurence Erasmus says:

    Why such light sentences for such serious charges? They both are unlikely to spend any further time in prison as they most probably will be eligible for parole after having already spent 5 years incarcerated!

Please peer review 3 community comments before your comment can be posted


This article is free to read.

Sign up for free or sign in to continue reading.

Unlike our competitors, we don’t force you to pay to read the news but we do need your email address to make your experience better.

Nearly there! Create a password to finish signing up with us:

Please enter your password or get a sign in link if you’ve forgotten

Open Sesame! Thanks for signing up.

We would like our readers to start paying for Daily Maverick...

…but we are not going to force you to. Over 10 million users come to us each month for the news. We have not put it behind a paywall because the truth should not be a luxury.

Instead we ask our readers who can afford to contribute, even a small amount each month, to do so.

If you appreciate it and want to see us keep going then please consider contributing whatever you can.

Support Daily Maverick→
Payment options

Daily Maverick Elections Toolbox

Feeling powerless in politics?

Equip yourself with the tools you need for an informed decision this election. Get the Elections Toolbox with shareable party manifesto guide.