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Destructive Knoflokskraal fire reveals five failures ca...

South Africa


Destructive Knoflokskraal fire reveals five failures caused by weak and cowardly leadership

Knoflokskraal fire (Image supplied)

A fire that started last week and has raged through the Knoflokskraal settlement in the Elgin-Grabouw Valley, destroying several of the 2,500 informal houses spread across an area of 1,200 hectares of once prime forestry land, is a reminder of the cost of moral failure and institutional inaction, and the need for everyone to play their part in taking responsibility.

“First they came for the socialists, and I did not speak out —
Because I was not a socialist.

Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out —
Because I was not a trade unionist.

Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out —
Because I was not a Jew.

Then they came for me — and there was no one left to speak for me.”

Martin Niemöller’s much-quoted prose reminds us of the costs of weak, cowardly leadership. Written shortly after the war and focusing on the Nazi era, it reminds us of the need for personal responsibility in addressing wrongs before they gather to overwhelm us.

It also reminds us of the complicity and costs of playing party politics.

The Knoflokskraal fire, which threatened the strategic apple packhouses and orchards in some of South Africa’s most productive farmland and has resulted (so far) in the destruction of productive businesses and an important tourist venue, has been the result of several failures.

The first and most notable failure is that of the national government.

Despite court orders obtained in the Cape high court in December 2020 and April 2021 respectively by the Department of the Environment, Forestry and Fisheries and the Department of Public Works for the prevention of squatting and trespassing on affected areas, the trespassing, staking out of plots, clearing of vegetation, and building of dwellings continued unabated. Security deployed by the Department of Public Works to limit access to the site was half-hearted at best, facilitatory at worst.


In efforts to resolve the matter speedily and keep it to its legal course, the responsible ministers were contacted several times by various parties, including by the Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve Company in pointing out the risk of fire and damage caused to the environment by these land invasions, and the risk this posed to the reserve’s World Heritage Site status. Additionally, the government was warned of the consequences of the failure of law and order on the perception of the Grabouw-Elgin Valley as a safe and suitable place for investment, which can only undermine those business- and NGO-run programmes aimed at sustainable development.

And yet the excuse heard from the government is the issue presented a “political problem”, hinting at the interests of the Good Party in local politics.  

The Elgin-Grabouw Valley produces more than R10-billion in annual fruit, fruit concentrate and wine exports, and employs an estimated 12,000 permanent workers, plus at least the same number again of temporary workers during the harvest period. The tourism industry in the area is worth an estimated R75-million annually, with significant opportunities for growth. Two years ago, recognising the need for more jobs and diversification outside farming, the valley came together to create the Grabouw Development Agency as a vehicle for spurring private sector investment.

This is now much harder to achieve.

Knoflokskraal fire (Image supplied)

The lawlessness and opportunism on the one hand, and inability or unwillingness of the government to respond on the other, can only deter investment while compromising industry and business, threatening rather than creating jobs.

These requests urging government action fell on deaf ears.

Local parties were then forced, in the face of such passivity, to raise money to fund legal actions to compel the government to act on its own court rulings. Private citizens have had to dedicate time, effort and funding to make the government do its job.

The second consistent failure is of the national police force, which has proven invertebrate and alarmingly unwilling or unable to take any of the steps required to reinstate the rule of law even with a court order in its hands. Even though it stepped up its activities this past weekend, this was too little, too late.

A third failure is by the local municipality, which has been virtually mute on the subject, as it is in dealing with issues of growth and development generally. Race is at the heart of the claims of the Knoflokskraal invaders, an area in which few local politicians dare to tread. 

“We can’t do anything before the elections,” became the constant excuse for inaction in 2021. The new council, led by Good/ANC/Patriotic Alliance, with some members implicated in the invasions, has also been largely shtum.


Despite the efforts of some farmers to find and fund a solution to this and other crises in the valley, the fourth failure is the unwillingness of some members of this community to engage, preferring to stay out of the fight. This has proven both foolish and hopelessly self-defeating. In an attitude reminiscent of Niemöller’s words, the community has been split over those who have preferred to avoid court action in the hope that this would not draw attention to themselves and those few willing to confront the issue, given the wider effects.

Just as business never found a government it failed to like, it struggles to find its voice on issues with a political conscience.

And, finally, the fifth failure is in the aims and methods of the Knoflokskraal community itself, which resorted to the invasions to get their slice of the South African dream, in the process setting the stage for what has followed, and the stage for land invasions elsewhere.   

But if the blame and the buck have to stop anywhere, it’s with the national government. The land (and policing) is its responsibility after all, no matter how it has tried to shift this to the Western Cape government.

In sum, the Knoflokskraal fire was an event entirely foreseen. The extraordinary aspect is why the government has been so slow to act.

The government needs to realise that its failure to act while its citizens’ rights are steadily eroded has consequences. They will, eventually, become the victims of lawlessness and there will, in the words of Martin Niemöller, be no one left to speak for them. DM

Mills and Du Toit are founding members of the Grabouw Development Agency.



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All Comments 12

  • People have nowhere to go so they just have plonk themselves down anywhere. No jobs no money no anything. The issue is bigger than land invasions

  • One country, two systems. One for the law-abiding, the other for the lawless. Informal settlements should simply not be allowed to start up. The Red Hill settlement near Simonstown is another informal settlement that is a disaster waiting to happen. I’ve been watching the Knoflokskraal invasion with a kind of dread interest. I understand the need for land, but it cannot be allowed to happen like this. If political parties are involved, they should be brought to book and klapped with the full force of the law. But perhaps we should start the process of stopping these invasion by calling a spade a spade – the result is not an “informal settlement” in which no formal laws exist, by definition, but a squatter camp. The structures are not homes but squats, and the laws that protect their erection should be challenged at ConCourt. It’s clear that by the State condoning lawlessness, the law-abiding will at some stage rebel, at which point you will have a real failed state, not a mere failing one.

  • A sad tale indeed. I wonder how much foreign ownership of farms has to do with involvement in local issues. They will make their profits and leave when profits fall. The failure of government in every sphere is now accepted as a fact of life, and I agree with much if the article. However, using Lourensford farm has an example, hundreds of people were moved to awful RDP housing, from houses on the farm that they had occupied for generations. This has been repeated on many farms: expensive holiday cottages, golf courses and the like have sprung in front of the dispossessed, and led to an enormous rift, a breaking of a contract. Slavery made the Cape wealthy, and all that ‘old money’ might have dubious origins. We do need to hold government accountable, but also do ‘the right thing’ for the land. Workers see immense wealth and return to squalid overcrowded housing: a recipe for not caring and more.

    • Agree, that while squatter camps should not be allowed to be established there has to be some equity in the way people are dealt with.

    • Could Brett or any other member of the Good Party Alliance make a statement regarding how they justify this destruction. They are always quick to throw a wobble when the DA does anything.

  • We’ve seen numerous fires starting in the Knoflokskraal area since the invasions began – people setting up shacks and making open cooking fires among pine and eucalyptus thickets in a windy valley. You can hardly design a more fire-prone setup if you tried. The carelessness by the politicians in this regard is mind boggling.

  • Overpopulation is the root of all problems. Only have as many children as you can afford. THINK! We only have 5 years to get it right.

    • “Overpopulation is the root of all problems” – human-related problems, agreed. Sadly, the current world population is already too high to be sustainable, the way ‘we’ are currently living in it. And if the birth rate were to suddenly fall to zero, the human population would only shrink by about 70m people per year, not enough to be the only solution. We MUST shift our diet away from animal protein, and reduce our hunger for fossil fuel, if there are to be ANY great-great-great-grandchildren.

  • This just another example of the complete failure by the national government to uphold the rule of law. Last week I had a call from a mechanic who was chatting to an auto electrician and was asked what I thought about “buying” a 1 ha piece of land at Knoflokskraal. Apparently, the sites are a great deal and only cost between R500 and R10 000 each cash, no paper work required. Word on the streets is that the Good party have acted with the ANC and the PA in the Theewaterskloof council to turn a blind eye to the establishment of an illegal township in contravention to all planning, environmental and other laws that they enforce. Dirty politics at its best and the whole Elgin-Grabouw valley economic engine is put at risk.

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