This is not a paywall.

Register for free to continue reading.

The news sucks. But your reading experience doesn't have to. Help us improve that for you by registering for free.

Please create a password or click to receive a login link.

Please enter your password or get a login link if you’ve forgotten

Open Sesame! Thanks for registering.

First Thing, Daily Maverick's flagship newsletter

Join the 230 000 South Africans who read First Thing newsletter.

Brenthurst report charts SA’s stark economic decline

Business Maverick


Brenthurst report charts SA’s stark economic decline

Load shedding at 2019 levels will likely kill any prospects for economic growth in 2020, says the writer. (Illustrative image | source: Adobestock)

A recent report by Brenthurst Wealth Management charts in depressing detail the economic and investment decline of South Africa. Written by economists Mike Schüssler and Elize Kruger, it throws into sharp relief the stagnation of the South African economy at a time when other emerging markets were picking up pace.

“Every year The Economist publishes a book called Pocket World in Figures, which ranks economies on size and a host of other items. In 1993 the third edition was published and ranked South Africa as the 28th largest economy in the world. Last year the same ranking showed that South Africa was now the 38th largest economy in the world,” the report notes.

So the South African economy, which is growing at a slower rate than many of its peers – think of a snail in a race against a hare – is on its way to leaving the global top 40.

“This decline took place despite those early optimistic democratic years with investment inflows and the commodity boom of the first decade of the 2000s, more commonly known as the noughties. South Africa is heading towards being an economy outside of the largest 40 economies. Once outside the largest 40 or 50 economies, it will be increasingly difficult to get on the investment and marketing radar of companies,” the report says.

Put bluntly, in the investment and capital allocation world, size matters. And for whatever arbitrary reason, 40 often crops up as an economic or financial measure – think of the JSE blue-chip index, which is comprised of the top 40 stocks by market capitalisation listed at the exchange. Such a ranking automatically brings in investment from fund managers and the like. Fall outside such a category, be it a company or a national economy, and it becomes a lot harder to attract capital.

The report also lays out how South Africans have become poorer.

“In 1993 South Africans were the 64th richest citizens in the world (out of around 193 countries then) dropping to 88th out of 201 countries in 2000 and in 2020 still lower at 110th out of 212 countries.

“In the space of three decades, South Africans have gone from being in the world’s richest third of countries into the [poorer] half of countries,” it says.

It goes on to lay down these jarring facts. “GDP (gross domestic product) per capita is a very good indicator of the trend that a country is on. South Africans, while richer than in 2000, are in relative terms far worse off today than ever in the history of the Union of South Africa since 110 years ago. Also, South Africans are poorer in real terms (i.e. if adjusted for the effect of inflation), not just relative terms, than they were in 2012!”

This is an unremitting tale of woe that, among other things, highlights the social and economic costs of the decade of State Capture under former president Jacob Zuma. South Africans are poorer than they were in 2012, when the State Capture project that has been laid out in clinical detail in the Zondo reports was really gaining traction.

The stats speak eloquently to the facts. Investment, which is the lifeblood of any economy, has been drying up, leaving an army of the unemployed in its wake.

“There is now 50 years of evidence in South Africa of slowing gross fixed capital formation (GFCF). Growth in GFCF was also slow in the 1980s and much of the 1990s, due to civil war, sanctions and the fear by many companies of investing before the transition, amongst others.

“The fact that fixed investment and economic growth only flourished for a short period in the 2000s and never fully recovered in the last decade does suggest that the lack [of] fixed investment in South Africa is leading to ever high unemployment and inequality,” the report says.

The lack of investment is a key cause of South Africa’s high unemployment and low growth trajectories. The reasons behind this state of affairs are many, and include the state’s mounting failures – failures that cannot be swept under the gilded carpet at events such as Davos.

“Government officials often tell of how they went on [road shows] to attract fixed investment and how important this is. The data shows that the trips are a complete waste of money as in today’s world there is no hiding the poor performance or the failure of the state in developing infrastructure,” the report says.

There is a vicious cycle at play here, as declining investment levels in turn make an economy less attractive for investment. This is a spiral that is difficult to arrest. DM168


Comments - share your knowledge and experience

Please note you must be a Maverick Insider to comment. Sign up here or sign in if you are already an Insider.

Everybody has an opinion but not everyone has the knowledge and the experience to contribute meaningfully to a discussion. That’s what we want from our members. Help us learn with your expertise and insights on articles that we publish. We encourage different, respectful viewpoints to further our understanding of the world. View our comments policy here.

All Comments 1

  • The story is more complex than that. Most countries which overtook South Africa economically did so through the sheer luck of being developing economies in the Asia Pacific region in close proximity to Japan and China.

    SA is geographically on the world periphery, even if our economy were well managed by a competent government we would struggle to grow at the rates of Vietnam or Malaysia simply because our closest neighbours are all either extremely poor (Mozambique, Zimbabwe), or have tiny populations (Namibia, Botswana). If SA were sitting next to an economic giant like the countries of SE Asia (China and Japan), Mexico (the US), or Turkey (the EU); we would grow faster regardless of our government performance. We are just unlucky to be where we are at a time when the global economy increasingly relies on the trade of manufactured goods.

    Not sure how much the fixed investment as % of GDP table tells us either. Apart from the outlier China, there are countries that invest less than SA which have grown faster (e.g. Philippines), economic success story Vietnam is only a few % higher, and massive economic failure Mozambique is far ahead of many “successful” emerging markets. As always there are more complex factors at play.

Please peer review 3 community comments before your comment can be posted