Missing Marmite: The end of the dearth is in sight

Spread thinly on toast is one piece of advice. Some will laugh at this as they spoon it from the jar to their mouth. (Photo: Bianca Coleman)

Lovers of Marmite, that deliciously dark sticky spread, have been without their fix. Blame it on the alcohol bans during lockdown; the knock-on effect of less beer being brewed led to no Marmite on the supermarket shelves. Now what?

In the book I am reading, Tiny Sunbirds, Far Away by Christie Watson, the patriarch of a Nigerian family, Alhaji, is never without a jar of Marmite, using it to smear on anyone suffering any affliction. It is his miracle cure-all. 

There doesn’t seem to be any medical foundation in this as far as I could find, but Marmite’s health benefits are well documented – when it’s eaten.  In fact, there’s nothing bad about it at all, other than a fairly high salt content. Maybe I’m reckless, but 5 grams containing 7% of an adult’s daily recommended intake doesn’t sound too dangerous. 

Something every Marmite lover has been painfully aware of is that there has been a shortage of it, on and off, since 2020. The reason is quite simple: lockdown alcohol bans. Marmite SA (owned by Pioneer Foods) wasn’t particularly interested in engaging with me to answer questions, but it did send a press release, in which it refers to “Marmageddon”, ha ha.

‘Spread the word, while we continue to spread the Marmite, albeit limited.’ – Marmite SA. (Photo: Supplied)

“Our yeast supply was constrained with the alcohol ban during lockdown and the production of Bovril (that uses significantly less yeast to produce) was prioritised,” it said. “Supply has since been restored; however, we are still trying to catchup [sic] on the demand to fill the empty pipeline. In addition to the yeast challenge we experienced a national shortage of one of the other raw materials, which is key to produce these products.”

I asked what that material was, but crickets. 

“Based on the above challenges, we are focussing [sic] only on the production of 250g Marmite & 250g Bovril until these SKU’s [sic] are fully recovered.”

SKU is a Stock Keeping Unit, or barcode. 

“Stock on Marmite has started filtering back into distribution depots and Marmite is back on limited shelfs and we will continue to filter back on shelf during October,” it continues. “We will continue to take the month of October and November to build stock of the 250g Marmite & Bovril Jars. Once 250g stock are fully replenished, the 125g will be targeted for production.

“We are monitoring the process to ensure that stock returns to all depots as soon as possible to service.”

Although a human response was as absent as Marmite has been, the promise has been upheld; in my local Checkers (Constantia Emporium because everybody’s been asking on my Facebook post), it has returned to its place between the fish paste and Bovril, which had previously been empty. No one had rearranged anything to fill the space; perhaps they were sending shoppers a message.

A welcome sight for Marmite lovers; the gap between fish paste and Bovril had previously been sad and empty. (Photo: Bianca Coleman)

SAB was more forthcoming with information, confirming that yes, during the lockdown it reduced production at its breweries due to the alcohol restrictions which resulted in less wet yeast being available for it to sell to Pioneer Foods (owned by PepsiCo), said Sphe Vundla, Brand Director: SAB Corporate.

“This is one of many examples of the impact of alcohol bans, and demonstrates wider-reaching consequences than one would expect.

“Volumes were only significantly impacted during the first lockdown in March 2020. We made significant strides during the other lockdown periods where yeast was available at lower volumes.” 

Brewer’s yeast is one of the main ingredients for Marmite, explained Vundla. “SAB has been supplying yeast to Pioneer Foods for a number of years. We currently supply yeast from our Alrode and Chamdor breweries, and we see this relationship as one that expresses our efforts at economic recovery through the lives and livelihoods impacted in the value chain.”

The truly excellent news now is that SAB will continue to supply yeast to Pioneer Foods. “At this stage we do not anticipate a shortage of yeast,” said Vundla.

“It is most frustrating when we cannot find Marmite on the shelves. When you need that salty goodness, whether on toast or cooking, it’s a craving that’s difficult to satisfy,” said my friend Tracy Essendrup, who likes to eat it at least a couple times a week on toast, often just a spoonful out of the jar. Insert wide-eye emoji.

Opinions on Marmite vs Bovril are varied (the latter contains meat extract) but Tracy said she is lucky not to be vegetarian so Bovril is a definite substitute in times of no Marmite. “I prefer to keep both on hand,” she said, adding that she will be happy, very happy, when she gets her hands on Marmite again. “Git in mah belleh,” she said, rubbing her tummy and licking her lips.

Obviously, I couldn’t stop here, not when there’s an entire internet just waiting to fill my head with more trivia which would be useful at dinner parties and social gatherings for chit chat, if those were things I still did. World Marmite Day is on September 28, when apparently “people across the world treat themselves to a savory food spread made from yeast extract” – as if they only do it on that day.

Bianca will take a thin smear of Marmite with sliced hard boiled eggs for breakfast. (Photo: Bianca Coleman)

I’m not much of a Marmite fan but I do like a thin scraping of it on toast with lots of butter, topped with grated mature Cheddar or sliced hard boiled egg – but Marmite itself has had a long running advertising campaign with the slogan “You Either Love It Or Hate It”. I think it’s rather nice to embrace the either/or concept with no grey or muddy areas in the middle. No ambivalence. No wishy-washy. Pick a side and stick to it.

As a result of this slogan, the phrase has become a truism to be used to describe anything divisive. It’s even in the Cambridge Dictionary: “UK informal. something or someone that some people like very much and other people dislike very strongly: He is something of a Marmite presenter you either love him or you can’t bear him.”

Marmite was invented in 1902 by German scientist (in the UK) Justus von Liebig when he discovered leftover brewer’s years could be concentrated, bottled and eaten. Good for him! He can take his place alongside those who saw the possibilities of coffee and cacao beans. Vitamins, can you believe, were only discovered about nine or 10 years later, and that’s when it was realised what a great source of Vitamin B Marmite is. British troops in World War 1 were issued jars of it as part of their rations.

The image on the recognisable-anywhere label shows a marmite, a French word for a large, covered earthenware or metal cooking pot; Marmite was originally supplied in earthenware pots but since the 1920s has been sold in glass jars.

The Marmite label depicts a ‘marmite’, a French cooking pot. (Photo: Bianca Coleman)

The folic acid in Marmite was used to treat anaemia in mill workers in Bombay, India, in the 1930s, and to combat malnutrition by Suriya-Mal workers during the 1934-5 malaria epidemic in Sri Lanka.

On toast or with a spoon from the jar may be the fairly obvious ways to get some Marmite into you, but it can be made into a drink, and added to soups and stews for an umami punch. It has been used in a cocktail, with chocolate, and peanut butter, and Nigella Lawson makes a pasta dish with it. “I know the combination of pasta and Marmite sounds odd to the point of unfeasibility [sic],” she admits, but she backs it up with logic about savouriness and saltiness. As for the various limited edition Marmites over the years, the Guinness one makes the most sense and the Champagne one the least. It was a Valentine’s Day gimmick, which goes to show people will throw their money at any old rubbish if it’s marketed hard enough.

South Africa has its very own section on the Marmite Wikipedia page, where it tells us the Marmite-flavoured cheese spread (scorned by most aficionados) is “light in texture and contains a hint of Marmite, making in more palatable to Marmite novices”. Lancewood makes a full cream cheese spread with Marmite.

“Also immensely popular in South African baking corners is a sweet and savoury tea cake that is topped with a hint of Marmite-butter and grated cheese,” says Wikipedia. Thanks to Tracy, I have the recipe to share, as well as some scrumptious sounding muffins.

Tracy’s Marmite, biltong and cheese muffins


150 g biltong, finely chopped

3 Tbsp butter, melted

2 cups cake flour

2 tsp baking powder

2 Tbsp sugar

2 eggs

1 cup milk

1 cup cheddar cheese, grated

3 Tbsp Marmite 

Handful of chopped fresh chives

Pinch of salt


Heat oven to 190°C and butter up your muffin tins.

Mix the melted butter and chives together and set aside to cool slightly.

In a bowl, add the flour, baking powder, sugar and salt and mix with a spoon.

In a separate large bowl add the eggs, milk and Marmite and give a light whisking, then add the butter and chive mixture, the grated cheese and chopped biltong pieces. 

Give it a good mix to combine.

Add the flour mixture to the egg mixture and stir with a spoon in a folding motion until combined.

Fill the muffin tins to ⅔ full and bake until golden brown (about 20 minutes).

Remove them from the tins and let them cool on a wire rack. DM/TGIFood

The writer supports Ladles Of Love, which in six years, has grown from serving 70 meals at its first soup kitchen, to one of the most prolific food charity organisations in South Africa.


Comments - share your knowledge and experience

Please note you must be a Maverick Insider to comment. Sign up here or sign in if you are already an Insider.

Everybody has an opinion but not everyone has the knowledge and the experience to contribute meaningfully to a discussion. That’s what we want from our members. Help us learn with your expertise and insights on articles that we publish. We encourage different, respectful viewpoints to further our understanding of the world. View our comments policy here.

All Comments 29

  • “Marmageddon”. I love it! We have had to resort to Bovril and are actually becoming acclimatized, but roll on the re-stocking of the Marmite shelves

  • We have also resorted to Bovril which doesn’t quite do it but I discovered that it makes a good beef stock, so there’s always a good side to a story. We (and our doggies) missed Marmite though (which I also use as a substitute for miso paste) so we are glad to welcome it back.

  • In my youth there was a different motto on the Marmite bottle: ‘Too much spoils the flavour’.
    I presume that was summarily deleted when Big Food took over.

    PS You missed ‘shelfs’ (sic).

  • As quaint as this article is, do we really have to resort to inane subjects to escape the trauma of the current economic and political realities of South Africa today? Some real good news would be welcomed….like finding out that CR had the balls to ensure Zuma actually was in jail serving his sentence or the Guptas we’re on their way back to SA to stand trail! Just saying ….

    • Yes Jane, the Marmite conundrum is infinitely more important than the talking heads – signifying nothing, except being responsible for this devastating situation we find ourselves in.

    • Enjoyed this light hearted banter instead of the same repetitive corruption and incompetence related articles. Our sage advice to our overly erudite and overly qualified custodians of this spiraling abyss has no impact and remains the province of the clear thinkers on this platform 😀 l

    • Thank you Bianca Coleman for an enjoyable, fun article.

      Dear Jane Crankshaw, Are you being serious?
      We are subjected to zuma and his cronies, ad infinitum, ad nauseum
      It is a pleasure to read Bianca Coleman’s light hearted, informative article
      Don’t hold your breath about CR growing balls. It is not about justice and the rule of law. It is all about the anc.
      PS. Do you liike Marmite?

      • clearly Jane does not like Marmite. Shame-it will give you a boost from the mundane politics and corruption we are subjected to daily. go on be a devil and try it!

  • Was lucky to do a 3 week trip through Namibia and bought Marmite wherever we could. Arrived back with “stocks”to last me until end 2021

  • Despite loving neither Marmite or Bovril I enjoyed the article. Well written and entertaining! Thank you. A rare find these days.

  • I prefer “good news articles” to all the same old political scandalous one’s, so this one – especially as a Marmite lover – was a breath of fresh air.

    • A most enjoyable read and easy to find forgiveness for the ‘shelfs’ oops. The recipe is excellent. I have just baked it. Had to use the cheesy version of Marmite but in spite of that, it was still fine. (Used an extra spoon of it to compensate.) Can’t wait to find classic Marmite on the shelves of our local Pretoria supermarkets again. I agree that some relief from just doom and gloom news is uplifting. It does indeed bring back a savoury smack of normality.

  • Just to bring in some real-world politics :)…..Was waiting to see whether NDZ could be accused of ignoring SA public health, by introducing and extending the Covid alcohol restrictions!!???

    Ag, shelve it! Thanks for an amusing report.

  • The company that created & marketed Marmite in the UK split in twain (or maybe it was one of those broedertwis situations) and in Australia they have a “similar” product called Vegemite. It’s available in my Spar at three times the price of Marmite and I admit I caved and bought a pot of it… eurgh, I can only say it’s an acquired taste.

  • I was gazing sadly at my marmite jar in which
    Only a few scrapings remain and wondering how long oh lord how long before I could buy some. Your article with its glimmer of hope has made my day. Can’t stand bovril so couldn’t even consider any flirtations with the opposition !

    • The marmite bottle itself is a beautiful design and colour . It’s genuinely good stuff especially with cheddar cheese on toast. Mar”might” but Pa ‘wont’ ! Thanks for the article.

  • Please peer review 3 community comments before your comment can be posted