Maverick Citizen

Maverick Citizen: Tuesday Editorial

Bob Marley Lives! (Still) So Much Trouble in the World

Bob Marley Lives! (Still) So Much Trouble in the World
Bob Marley (1945 - 1981) performs in the late 1970s. (Photo: Express Newspapers/Getty Images)

Forty years ago today Bob Marley died of cancer. He was 36, at the peak of his career and giving expression to the heaving of billions of people wanting to breathe, wanting freedom from racism and other oppressions.

In memory of Marley, and the unfinished business of human rights and social justice, today we republish the lyrics of his song War, which appeared on his 1976 album, Rastaman Vibration. These words speak truths to today’s power, as much as they did 40 years ago. 

The lyrics were lifted directly from part of a speech by Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie before the United Nations General Assembly in October 1963. Selassie had died in 1975. Of course, we are aware of Selassie’s ignominious history in later years. However, his words, Marley’s song and its message about “international morality” remain prophetic and inspirational. 

The same became true of Marley’s celebration of Zimbabwean independence in 1980 with his song Zimbabwe, written in Ethiopia the year before. With only four days’ notice, Marley paid the band’s own way to Harare to honour an invitation to sing there at the official independence celebration, only to find that his audience included Prince Charles and other dignitaries while ordinary Zimbabweans were shut out and then dispersed with tear gas when they broke into the stadium. 

Sound familiar? 

Two days later the Wailers went back to Rufaro Stadium to play a free concert – sans dignitaries – to an estimated 100,000 people and sang Zimbabwe.

Forty years later we still live in a world that is fighting against racism, for recognition that #BlackLivesMatter; a world where class and racial inequality is increasing exponentially; a world where the regimes Marley sang against have been toppled but were not “utterly destroyed” and instead have created new forms of oppression; a world where the African continent does still not know peace… 

The world is still ruled by “crazy baldheads” and, faced with the paucity of newspeak, still needs totems, icons and anthems that speak to our souls. Music provides many, but War is as good an anthem as any. Watch Marley perform it here; listen to Selassie’s address here at 14.45 minutes; read the lyrics below:


Until the philosophy which hold one race superior

And another inferior

Is finally and permanently

Discredited and abandoned

Everywhere is war

Me say war

That until there no longer first class and second class citizens of any nation

Until the colour of a man’s skin is of no more significance than the colour of his eyes

Me say war

That until the basic human rights are equally guaranteed to all

Without regard to race

Dis a war

That until that day, dream of lasting peace, world citizenship

Rule of international morality

Will remain in but a fleeting illusion to be pursued, but never attained

Now everywhere is war


And until the ignoble and unhappy regimes that hold our brothers in Angola

In Mozambique, South Africa

Sub-human bondage have been toppled, utterly destroyed

Well, everywhere is war

Me say war

War in the east

War in the west

War up north

War down south

War, war

Rumours of war

And until that day the African continent will not know peace

We Africans will fight, we find it necessary

And we know we shall win, as we are confident

In the victory

Of good over evil


When Marley sang War at a concert in New York a reviewer from the New York Times commented that “Mr Marley was extraordinary. Who would have believed Madison Square Garden would have swayed en masse to a speech by Haile Selassie, the words of which Mr Marley incorporates verbatim into War?”

And there’s the rub. Marley had a crossover appeal that helped make people see that justice, equality and non-racism is the right thing to do; something politicians are still incapable of.

But Robert Nesta Marley’s life is also one about hope. It encapsulates the potential that exists in billions of people but is still suppressed by all the schisms of the Babylon system: The story of a poor kid from Nine Mile, a village high in the mountains of a former colony made up of slaves, who made it, who affiliated to a marginalised and stigmatised religious sect, then inspired several generations to stand up for their rights. To date he has sold 75 million records, and that was before the advent of music streaming. 

Marley sang a lot about love, loved football and believed in the power of nature, what he called natural mystic. But he saw music and art as a weapon to advance change. His last three records – Survival, Uprising and Confrontation – were conceived as a trilogy, a melodic call to arms, that we should still heed. The enduring popularity of Marley and his revolutionary music is evidence that he tapped into a deep desire among humans across the world, young people especially, for love, peace, equal rights and justice. 

The fact that so much of Marley’s vision remains to be fulfilled is our problem. The arc of history may ultimately bend towards justice, but since Marley died it has bent the wrong way and the world is now more tortured than it was at the time of his death. The issues he denounced are more pronounced despite political freedom coming to many former colonies. Added to the injustices of the 1970s are issues like the climate crisis and Covid-19 which were not part of Marley’s world, although the seeds were being sewn; the first cases of what became known as Aids, for example, were recorded on 5 June 1981, barely a month after his death, marking another anniversary. 

Consequently, the need to “get up, stand up, stand up for your rights” has never been greater.

What will the world look like on 11 May 2031, Bob’s 50th anniversary? The answer to that question lies very much in our hands. Marley’s music and example can still be a source of inspiration as we go about it. DM/MC


Comments - Please in order to comment.

  • Ralph Berold Berold says:

    Lovely article Mark. But disagree that history has bent the wrong way. Partly due to his cultural influence and many others, I feel we are slowly coming round. As he says – Time will tell.

Please peer review 3 community comments before your comment can be posted


This article is free to read.

Sign up for free or sign in to continue reading.

Unlike our competitors, we don’t force you to pay to read the news but we do need your email address to make your experience better.

Nearly there! Create a password to finish signing up with us:

Please enter your password or get a sign in link if you’ve forgotten

Open Sesame! Thanks for signing up.

We would like our readers to start paying for Daily Maverick...

…but we are not going to force you to. Over 10 million users come to us each month for the news. We have not put it behind a paywall because the truth should not be a luxury.

Instead we ask our readers who can afford to contribute, even a small amount each month, to do so.

If you appreciate it and want to see us keep going then please consider contributing whatever you can.

Support Daily Maverick→
Payment options

Become a Maverick Insider

This could have been a paywall

On another site this would have been a paywall. Maverick Insider keeps our content free for all.

Become an Insider