South Africa


Jessie Duarte’s onslaught on the Zondo Commission, decency and justice

Jessie Duarte’s onslaught on the Zondo Commission, decency and justice
ANC secretary-general Jessie Duarte. (Photo: Gallo Images / Netwerk24 / Lulama Zenzile) | Deputy Chief Justice Raymond Zondo. (Photo: Gallo Images / Veli Nhlapo)

Instead of trying to allay fears of corruption, or finding ways to show that the ANC will renew itself, the party’s deputy secretary-general is attacking a commission that most South Africans support.

The recent evidence at the Zondo Commission about the behaviour and conduct of the ANC’s elected representatives in the National Assembly has shown how they put the party above the country, and would do it again. Instead of promising to change course or to fight corruption, the party’s Deputy Secretary-General, Jessie Duarte, has attacked the commission itself, claiming the testimony there is an “onslaught on the people”. 

It is obvious from Duarte’s first published response to the recent testimony that she believes ANC MPs were right to put party before country. She also says she will testify at the commission and that “inconvenient witnesses” are disappearing. But perhaps the most important element of her response is the complicated debate around how parties in a proportional representation system should remain as a coherent political force.

Testimony at Zondo Commission is an onslaught against the People

Over the last few days the failure of Parliament and its MPs to prevent corruption from occurring during the time Jacob Zuma was president has been laid bare.

Some ANC MPs explained that it just was not done to take on the party. Makhosi Khoza said those who refused to toe the party line were labelled “counter-revolutionary”. Zukiswa Rantho said she had received threats for trying to uncover corruption at Eskom.

Perhaps a key moment occurred when former Transport Committee chair Dikeledi Magadzi was asked about the corruption at Prasa. She explained that it was decided not to pursue this too closely even though it was in the public domain.

When Deputy Chief Justice Raymond Zondo asked her whether, knowing what she knows now, she would do the same thing again, she replied:

“Knowing what I know now, let me say, I still believe what the party had instructed me to do was correct.” 

In essence, this was a member of Parliament saying she would cover up corruption again, because her party, the ANC had told her to.

Magadzi has been promoted since her actions during that era: she is now the deputy minister of transport.

In a column published in Daily Maverick on Tuesday, Duarte says this testimony is an “onslaught against the people”. She says that because the ANC, and the principle of democratic centralism are under attack, so are the people who voted for the ANC.

Duarte also says she will testify before the commission even though, “I know that my words and the words of some in our society will not be received without prejudice.”

There are several issues here that need to be examined.

The first is her attack on the commission and its timing. The commission has not made findings, nor has it issued a report. Any attack on Zondo or the commission is purely premature – unless Duarte is saying that the commission should not hear more evidence or exist at all.

If she is going to testify, then she has an opportunity to present her version of events – as do all of those implicated have an opportunity to give their versions. If they decide not to, as the man who was at the centre of all of this has done, that is their choice. The commission and the law and the courts will make decisions about how to handle that situation. But certainly, no one is preventing Duarte, or those implicated at the commission, from testifying. 

The Trump of Nkandla

It has to be asked, how does she believe her intervention will play with voters?

While the opposition parties do not necessarily present any threat, the recent corruption scandals around the ANC (the Special Investigating Unit found that many politically connected individuals tried to make money during the pandemic) suggest that this issue is important for voters. 

And yet, instead of trying to allay fears of corruption, or finding ways to show that the ANC will renew itself, Duarte is attacking a commission that most South Africans support. Zondo himself appears to have credibility with the majority, partly because of the dignified manner in which he has handled himself and the witnesses.

Duarte is attacking a commission for asking questions, right at the moment when many people are existentially invested in getting the answers.

However, the low point of Duarte’s argument may well be that it is a defence of the behaviour of her MPs during the Zuma era.

To be clear: she is defending people who put the ANC before the country.

In this she is not alone. Zuma himself said he placed the ANC above the country. As it turned out, he may even have placed a single family above the ANC.

Duarte appears to be saying that the party is always right, and that MPs have no choice but to go along with its decisions. She says this is because of “democratic centralism”, and that “one would gladly welcome an example where a caucus, at any level, decided against exposing corruption or agreeing to be corrupt. But none of these examples exist because no party has a party line that would want to indulge deliberately in corruption.”

But by the time the no-confidence votes in Zuma were held, it was obvious that a vote to retain him as president was exactly that, to “indulge deliberately in corruption”.

There was more than enough evidence in the public domain to demonstrate this. And yet, the overwhelming majority of the ANC MPs voted to retain him.

To take Duarte’s argument to its logical extreme would be to suggest that if Luthuli House decided the sky was green, ANC MPs must vote to pass a motion that the sky is green.

On the face of it, this argument cannot be sustained.

However, on this point, she is not wrong.

Then Secretary-General Gwede Mantashe was reported as telling ANC MPs not to vote to remove Zuma in 2017 because if they did the party would collapse. It was claimed he had said those who wanted to remove Zuma should do so at the Nasrec conference scheduled for later that year.

He was probably correct, such was the atmosphere at the time that it was very likely that ANC MPs would not have been able to agree on a new president, and the party would have split, or simply collapsed into different factions.

This gets to the heart of the problem of how a political party in a proportional representation system such as ours is able to maintain political coherence. If it cannot order its MPs to vote in a particular way, what is it? A group of MPs who share a common logo and nothing else?

Other parties have had the same problem.

In December 2019, the DA fired two councillors from the City of Johannesburg after they voted for the ANC’s Geoff Makhubo as mayor.

Many of those who voted for the DA would have accepted that decision, as the two councillors voted against the party line and the party’s candidate.

It would be difficult for those DA voters to now disagree with Duarte’s point.

But the fact remains, if it was so obvious that Zuma was corrupt, that there was corruption and incompetence everywhere, how do we judge the behaviour of ANC MPs now?

Perhaps another question will shed some light.

In 2018, ANC MPs in the National Assembly celebrated loudly and publicly when Cyril Ramaphosa was elected president. Those same MPs in that same Parliament had strongly supported Zuma, voted to keep him in office, and cheered him for the previous almost nine years.

How do we judge their behaviour then? Do thinking adults simply shout and cheer for the person who won the last ANC conference, no matter who that person is and what they stand for?

At least one ANC MP has publicly examined his own conscience on this issue of party loyalty and the morally correct stance. Yunus Carrim published his own account of his role in the decision to disband the Scorpions through a Parliamentary process. He suggests that it was not a simple matter of conscience against party.

Disbanding the Scorpions was not a matter of loyalty over conscience (Part One)

Not everyone will agree with him.

A question Duarte does not answer is, how far does this go? If a party leader committed murder on the floor of Parliament (and while that did not happen, Zuma certainly fomented violence) and their party had a majority of MPs, could those MPs be told to vote to overturn the Criminal Procedure Act?

Certainly not. So then, where is the line?

It should also be remembered that not all ANC MPs have done what they were told.

Ben Turok and Gloria Borman refused to vote in favour of the Protection of State Information Bill, defying the party whip. For them it was a vote about morality. Neither were thrown out of the party.

Duarte makes at least one dramatic claim about the Zondo Commission. She says that, “The destruction of reputations is now commonplace. The disappearance of inconvenient witnesses whose truth got too close to reality; these, as the drama series writers would claim, are ‘the days of our lives’, and yet simple known knowledge is the real victim now.”

She appears to be saying that some witnesses have disappeared. Really?

She offers no examples and no evidence to back up her assertions and there are many questions unasked:

  • Which witnesses have disappeared?
  • Where have they gone?
  • What evidence were they going to give?
  • How would this evidence have changed the findings of the commission?

Another fascinating point is Duarte’s claim that she will testify. But Ramaphosa has also said publicly that he will testify on behalf of the ANC.

Are they both going to testify? Will they answer the same questions but differently? Will she testify but not on behalf of the ANC, when she is its deputy secretary-general? Or will she testify on behalf of another faction in the ANC, while retaining her seat on the same National Executive Committee as Ramaphosa?

In the end, we’re left with two simple points.

Throughout the Zondo Commission the testimony has been about the conduct of the ANC in government – from the actions of Zuma himself, through to the wide-ranging testimony about Bosasa, to the behaviour of ANC MPs. It has been about the ANC and no other party.

It is no surprise that some of the leaders of the party now feel angry and anxious. Especially as, in the case of Duarte, they defended Zuma and were in office during the time he was its leader.

But none of that is the fault of Zondo, or of the witnesses, or the evidence leaders.

It is the fault of those who abandoned their consciences. Those who benefited from corruption, those who stole money, those who appointed Gupta yes-men into positions, those who stood by and did nothing, and yes, those who had important positions in Parliament, who could have shone a light on it, and did nothing.

And especially those who promise that they would do the same again.

It should not be forgotten that many MPs are people with other roles in the party, they enabled Zuma and benefited from having him as leader. They voted for him at party conferences, campaigned for him and cheered his arrival in Parliament as publicly as they could.

Then there is the other question: is Parliamentary oversight going to improve to prevent this from happening again?

Duarte plays a key role in the ANC as the deputy secretary-general, and she would have been involved in all of its major decisions.

She would have been a part of the decisions that saw Mosebenzi Zwane becoming the chair of Parliament’s Portfolio Committee on Transport, Faith Muthambi becoming the chair of Parliament’s Portfolio Committee on Cooperative Governance, and Bongani Bongo becoming the chair of Parliament’s Portfolio Committee on Home Affairs.

Presumably Duarte was never worried about whether they would attempt to commit the heinous crime of placing the country ahead of the party. DM


Comments - Please in order to comment.

  • Bryan Macpherson says:

    Duarte’s comments are exactly what one should expect from her. Loyalty to the ANC comes before duty to the Country, the Constitution or the People. They must all take a back seat to the power hungry and corrupt party she serves. She and her ilk are the future of South Africa unless brave men and women like those in the Zondo Commission stand up to them.

  • Brian Cotter says:

    Why wasn’t Duarte at the Mad Hatters Tea Party and Gwede also

  • Trevor Pope says:

    Jessie lost her moral compass in the nineties and I don’t think she ever found it again. Thanks for highlighting how she is tying herself into knots trying to pretend she still has one.

  • hilton smith says:

    “She appears to be saying that some witnesses have disappeared. Really?” – I’ve seen a common theme among twitter bots and silly people seems to be that Brian Molefe’s testimony was so damning that Zondo faked a covid outbreak, shut the commission down and never called him back. This could possibly be what Jessie is referring to. Its utter nonsense, of course, but then again so is 99% of everything she says.

  • Pet Bug says:

    Whipping MPs into party line is normal in many democratic dispensations.
    But never can be used to prevent parliamentary oversight of the executive.
    Surely that must be clearly stated in our parliamentary rules, if not even in our constitution.

    Germany has the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution. A stand alone institution. They deal with national internal security issues which impact their Constitution might threaten the countries basic institutions.
    They have recently informed the right wing party AfD that chapters of it will be monitored for any breaches of the Constitution.
    Think we need a similar Office that can monitor political tainted malfeasance without letting politics get in the way.

  • Johan Buys says:

    The zupta half of the ANC understand the consensus politics of the ANC very well, that is why they started their capture at the branches with fake members and pressured votes. If you control the branches you control the narrative and the consensus. Only a fraction of people that vote ANC are branch members. So the tail wags the dog.

    • Glyn Morgan says:

      If one faction of the anc controls the consensus why do the rest stay in the party? Because they are happy with the proceeds of corruption enabled by the dominant half! You, The People are merely suppliers of loot.

  • Sergio CPT says:

    Duarte is your typical brain-dead and deceitful party hack, who is only in her position due to her blind loyalty to the obnoxious party that the anc has become. The national interest and what is best for this country is a concept so foreign to these morons. Outside of it, she is a useless nothing and a scumbag to boot, like all of her ilk, and there are so many! It is no wonder that country is in such a dire mess with monsters like her at the helm. SA needs to drain this putrid, rotten and stinking swamp.

  • Sydney Kaye says:

    It is abundantly clear that since the ANC itself benefited from corruption by taking its slice of every deal in the best tradition of the capo di capi, it was in its interests to obstruct any move which may lead to disruption of the cash flow. Hence good bye Scorpions and the instructions to its cadres in parliament (like the half-wit Magadzi) to toe the line, ignore even the most blatant corruption and not investigate anything. Talking about improving oversight is a waste of time as long as the government is a criminal enterprise; would you expect a Tony Soprano soldier to follow his conscience and put the public good ahead of the family

  • Karl Sittlinger says:

    Excellent article, except for the part where you compare the firing of two DA members voting for Geoff Makhubo (a figure not free from some serious corruption allegations) to the ANCs failure to hold Zuma to account after destroying billions of Rand by swapping finance ministers to enable him greater access to even more corruption.

  • Con Tester says:

    It takes a unique kind of moral decrepitude to argue for a system that not only protects criminality, deceit, mendacity, and ineptitude, but also encourages them, most especially when such conduct inflicts great and repeated harm on society’s most vulnerable members. Duarte seems to be toeing the very line she had a hand (or foot) in drawing: Defend the party’s collectivist imperatives at all costs, even if it means selling the country down the river.

    Between the lines of her harangue against Zondo can be read her approval of the fact that venality, depravity, and sleaze have so pervaded the ANC’s practices that they are an ingrained and habitual part of its standard modus operandi. The only mystery here is how so many South African voters seem to have remained blind to it for so long.

  • Frikkie van Kraayenburg says:

    Is what is happening in the Republican party in the US re Trump any different?

  • Gerrit Marais says:

    It really irks me that we have to be subjected to the utterances of such a complete fool. She lost her moral compass long ago and it is now a fight for survival, at any cost.

  • James Francis says:

    The most astounding part of Duarte’s column is that, in her mind, she’s clearly normalised and even justified corruption and criminality. She’s ceded morality for the sake of belonging to the party. A natural fascist.

  • Carel Jooste says:

    This little beady-eyed operator will constantly connive to get an advantage. A not-so-clever tactic straight from the Trump Rigged Election playbook is to start discrediting the Zondo effort long before it produces concrete conclusions. So expect the vomit of bias/vendetta/obsession/dark forces/foreign agenda/puppetmaster agents/false narrative to spew forth from both of her mouths.

  • Rodney Weidemann says:

    I find it funny how it is always the ones who claim to speak for ‘the people’ who are the ones most likely to screw ‘the people’ over, steal their money, fail to provide them with services, let their loved ones die in awful conditions (Life Esidimeni) and wreck their education and healthcare.

    You may think we have forgotten, Jessie, but we know you backed Zuma to the hilt, helped facilitate state capture on an industrial scale and now fall in line behind Ace and Co as part of the RET faction…
    And we can’t wait to see you appear before the Zondo Commission to be called to account for all your own nefarious deeds and crimes against ‘the people’!!

  • Brian Blignaut says:

    All of these Zondo opponents are all petrified of what will be uncovered by the commission and how this will expose their own complicity in state capture. They know that if Zuma does go down, he’s going to taken the whole rotten lot with him. We are at a tipping point for SA, will be interesting to see which way it goes.

    • Con Tester says:

      I think whatever fear these malefactors might feel is more about being embarrassed and losing face publicly than about any prospect of being shunted off on a taxpayer-sponsored holiday wearing orange onesies. Given the near-total lack of adverse consequences for wrongdoing among the ruling class, it seems to me that they consider jailtime befalling them so remotely improbable that they can safely discount it.

      And for every day that the NPA / Shamila Batohi / Hermione Cronje delay meaningful prosecution, this shameful attitude will become more cemented.

  • Glyn Morgan says:

    The time has come to support the best DEMOCRATIC party in SA. It is the only way to get rid of the despicable anc. Anything and anybody connected to the anc is suspect. Stephen Grootes, it is time YOU gave more support to the democratic opposition.

  • Caroline White says:

    Way back in the early nineties, an Italian expert on electoral systems (Prof Giovanni Sartori) warned, in an article in Business Day, that the system being proposed in South Africa would give too much power to the Executive of the majority party. He was mocked at the time as being a ‘duplicate’ of Chief Buthelezi’s Italian advisor and nobody paid any attention to his warning. Sadly, it has indeed come to pass that, instead of being answerable to the electorate, MPs are answerable instead to the party Executive who decides whether a would-be or existing Member of Parliament may stand. It also decides that person’s chances of being elected by choosing where, on the Party’s electoral list, the person should be placed.
    The South African electoral system needs urgently to be replaced with a system that makes MPs answerable to an electorate. This does not mean that proportional representation should be abolished, merely that smaller units, rather than the whole country, should be constituencies, perhaps with five MPs elected by proportional representation, per constituency. This would place accountability with the electorate rather than with the Executive of the national Parties.

  • Noeline Verbizier says:

    What a lovely little lady

  • Dr Know says:

    The smallanyana skeletons are rattling in their closet . . .

  • Dhasagan Pillay says:

    I think we have to remember that the corrupt actors actually don’t place the ANC before the country.
    They are simply manipulating the truth and using the idea of the much-vaunted reputation of the ANC as Africa’s oldest liberation movement to justify closing ranks as the ultimate protection against the thievery and general petty corrupt actions.
    It should be termed antiretro-morality, not “a cancer” as so many have said before.
    Because those perpetrating the corruption insidiously insert their claims and sad hand-wringing over their mistaken actions into meetings of people who are gathered for what they believe to be the continued upliftment of the downtrodden, the further normalisation of a society that for hundreds of years considered the sweat, tears and blood of the dark-skinned majority to be the lubrication of the wheels of progress that only benefitted the light-skinned minority…
    they make their own crimes lesser by comparison;
    or justifiable as a rebalancing to some;
    but nevertheless a regrettable act that must never be mentioned for fear of tarnishing the image of the movement in the world and an(other) opportunity for a come to Luthuli House moment.
    And then it becomes a case of if you aren’t with us you are against us and everything the movement stands for, because while we may stumble on the path – “we” know where we’re headed.

  • Gerrie Pretorius Pretorius says:

    Don’t ever forget that cr serves the same party and was also one of those who voted for and defended jz when he was supposed to be removed as pres.

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