South Africa


GOUGED: KZN education department pays top prices to get schools sanitised and equipped by Monday

GOUGED: KZN education department pays top prices to get schools sanitised and equipped by Monday
Photo: ER Lombard/Gallo Images via Getty Images

Suppliers in KwaZulu-Natal have taken full advantage of Treasury’s Covid-19 emergency procurement guidelines, with the provincial education department seemingly unfazed at paying heavily inflated prices for protective equipment for public schools.

With government schools due to reopen on 8 June, prices for personal protective equipment (PPE) for KwaZulu-Natal schools were presented to the KZN legislature last Friday via a series of slides.

The prices are not only in line with National Treasury guidelines, but they are, in some cases, slightly higher than the maximum price allowed by Treasury, as set out in Annexure A of its Note 5 of 2020/21. 

It appears that the province – which has the largest schooling system in the country with more than 6,000 schools and 360,000 learners in Grades 7 and 12 alone – was unable (or chose not to) leverage its significant buying power to obtain discounts from suppliers it had previously worked with.

When asked about this, the department said the prices were in line with Treasury Note 5.

“The Department invited proposals from 44 companies, from whom 21 companies were approved: Cloth masks are sourced from four businesses, sanitisers are sourced from three different businesses; thermometers were sourced from the Department of Health and various suppliers.”

According to the province’s education department spokesperson, Kwazi Mthethwa, requests for proposals were issued to companies that had “displayed capacity in the initial provision of Covid-19 essentials”.

“The criteria for the selection of service providers will be based on service providers who are contracted with Department of Health, service providers who have displayed capacity in delivering at short notice, service providers who are registered in the Department of Small Business Development.”

The department did not supply Daily Maverick with the names of the suppliers.

The department still has a R497-million hole in its proposed R917-million budget to prepare schools. R422-million is going towards the purchase of PPE. Although having been approached by the department, the Treasury has yet to commit to making up the difference.

In contrast, the Western Cape education department (WCED), in most cases paid half or less than half of what KwaZulu-Natal did for its PPE, even though it has a significantly smaller department and student body and, one imagines, lacks the negotiating power that KZN has.

WCED spokesperson Bronagh Hammond told Daily Maverick the department had reprioritised R610.8-million from its current budget.

“No additional funding was received from National Treasury to address Covid-19 priorities. Funding was reprioritised through expired deliverables (that couldn’t be achieved due to the national lockdown), sacrificed deliverables (projects cancelled in order to reprioritise for Covid-19), and non-essential cost containment (cutting back on costs such as catering and travel),” said Hammond.

Landlords in KZN who rent warehouses told Daily Maverick, on condition of anonymity, that even with storage factored into the price for 25-litre drums of sanitiser, the department was “being ripped”.

She said initially, cloth masks were quoted at R35 per unit, but due to economies of scale, the price was reduced to R20.50. KwaZulu-Natal paid R25 – the maximum amount allowed by National Treasury – for 1,982,944 masks.

The WCED paid between R480 and R500 for five litres of sanitiser. KwaZulu-Natal, on the other hand, paid R933 for the same product.

KwaZulu-Natal paid R4,590 per 25 litres of sanitiser, while the Western Cape paid a maximum of R2,100. Storage and delivery costs were factored in for both provinces.

Daily Maverick contacted the Gauteng Education Department (GED) to compare unit prices on the same products from KZN and the Western Cape.

The GED did not provide prices, but MEC Panyaza Lesufi said the department was in “unchartered waters”.

“Usage was calculated on assumptions, thus even though difficult, [supplies are] expected to last at least two to three months.”

How the Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal compare

Mthethwa confirmed that Treasury had not made any additional money available to cover the department’s Covid-19 preparedness.

“The department had to restructure its budget to ensure that Covid essential items are procured. Additional budget is required to fund the purchase of sanitisers, disinfectants, plastic aprons for cleaners, infrared thermometers, disinfectants spray pumps, liquid soap, gloves, face visors and cloth masks.”

Asked about the obviously inflated prices for masks, thermometers and sanitisers, Mthethwa said, “The department purchased the sanitisers in line with the guidelines from National Treasury. In terms of the National Treasury guidelines, the province could only purchase Covid-19 essentials that cost less than Treasury guidelines on prices. All the prices received by the department were less than the National Treasury guidelines on prices. The price of items include purchase, warehousing and distribution to all 12 districts in the province.”

Landlords in KZN who rent warehouses told Daily Maverick, on condition of anonymity, that even with storage factored into the price for 25-litre drums of sanitiser, the department was “being ripped”.

“Using the highest per metre rate, at a modern warehouse, and taking into consideration handling fee and fire protection, the rate would work out to about R60,000 per month for storage. This would include an increased price because of a short-term rental – most warehouse storage works on 12 months to five years. But in this economy, when landlords are simply desperate to get money in, the service provider would certainly have been able to negotiate a discount.”

Taking this into account, it’s difficult to justify the R57,834,000 the department was willing to pay for 12,600, 25-litre drums of sanitiser.

Asked if there should not be a moral imperative to seek out reasonable pricing of goods despite the pandemic, KZN Education MEC Kwazi Mshengu told Daily Maverick: “It is not an issue of moral imperative, but there should always be value for money spent – whether there is Covid-19 or not. Spending of public money should always be prudent.”

He said the information on the slides presented to the legislature, and which Daily Maverick used for this article, were “applicable to all the provinces”.

“The Provincial Executive Council further emphasised the need to always negotiate prices down, while not compromising on compliance.”

Mshengu also said the processes were pre-audited by the provincial treasury before any orders were issued. Treasury would also be conducting a post-audit, he said.

The department of health had also pre-audited the specifications, and were now auditing what had been delivered, he said.

“The CFO has assured me that everything was bought at lesser prices than the threshold provided by National Treasury. I am sure the post-audit by the provincial treasury will also shed more light.” DM


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