Say his name: Sandile Dikeni. Child of the Karoo. Beacon of the Oppressed. Poet of the People.
I woke up to the news that Sandile Dikeni, a poet and wordsmith who reflected the zeitgeist of our anti-apartheid struggle, who went on to write about our difficult transition into democracy while working for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and bore witness to all that remained and still has to be resolved, has passed through.
Oh, what a life he had lived. This boy, born into a poor household in the dry and barren landscape of Victoria West in the Karoo, literally known as the “place of thirst’’ by our Khoi ancestors. And where the unforgiving landscape was shaped in its contours by race, poverty, exclusion. And with a personal history that must have seared his soul and burned deep scars into his psyche.
In a 1996 Mark Gevisser article, Sandile spoke about his father who was falsely accused during apartheid of poisoning the tiny settlement’s water supply and then was imprisoned and tortured before his release into a community that was split in two because of it. And a granny who was burned to death by “comrades” who set fire to her because she spoke her mind.
So what do you do with that intergenerational pain that is handed down to you through your DNA? In Sandile’s case, he turned his pain into weapons of mass destruction against apartheid. And he inspired so many of us.
He burned and crackled with a fierce intensity that felt as if it could consume you, and so I, who have been inside the furnace of many fiery fires kept my distance. In fact, all of us were on fire at the time, and so the softness of close friendship did not come easy to us. Comradeship yes, that was always the path we chose. And so he was known to me and to many others as a comrade.
And so I cannot claim to “know” him at a personal level, only at a political level. As a comrade who loved his people and his land fiercely. Instead, I met him through the many festivals of fire which were our mass meetings and where we mobilised our people to fight against apartheid.
Sandile was our poet, our storyteller, our griot, our praise-singer of the revolution that was to come. I can still recall the first time I heard him at the University of Western Cape where we were both students, and where he set the room on fire when he read, for the first time, his now-famous poem, called guava juice, which is what we called that deceptively simple device the petrol bomb…
“shake, shake my comrade/shake that invention of the working class/shake that unifying medicine before it’s too late/shake before the time come to pass/shake that guava juice’”
Sandile wrote that poem while imprisoned at Victor Verster prison, and later said, “There is something inside me about having been in the same prison where Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was.” We were privileged to see and experience what emerged from that furnace that, instead of destroying us, incubated us to liberate our country. Yes, with protests, and worker strikes, and consumer boycotts, and hunger strikes and marches and guava juices.
An audio of one of his poems here:
He wrote of his anger, of our anger, against apartheid:
“They say it is not by bread alone/that we live/I know/it is by poetry alone that we survived/with poetry dancing on our tongues/we wiped the blood from our mouths/we petrol bombed our angry past/we blasted our martyrs out of our brains/and we made shrines out of their graves/we weaved forgiveness onto our t-shirts/and with the last remaining droplets of our blood/we tried to paint peace on our angry dark skies”
And he wrote of his hope, of our hope, for our country:
“My country is for love/so say its valleys/where ancient rivers flow/the full circle of life/under the proud eye of birds/adorning the sky.
My country is for peace/so says the veld/where reptiles caress/its surface/with elegant motions/glittering in their pride
My country/is for joy/so talk the mountains/with baboons/hopping from boulder to boulder/in the majestic delight/of cliffs and peaks
My country/is for health and wealth/see the blue of the sea/and beneath/the jewels of fish/deep under the bowels of soil/hear/the golden voice/of a miner’s praise/for my country
My country/is for unity/feel the millions/see their passion/their hands are joined together/there is hope in their eyes
we shall celebrate”
Another poetry audio clip here:
And in homage to him, I wrote these words for him. Because I have met him, but cannot claim to have known him deeply. Instead, I encountered him in a different way when I worked in the Karoo where he came from, and in the many towns that I visited, including his own, Victoria West, and where I marvelled that a town that seemed designed to break your spirit and kill your dreams could give birth to such fire.
Sandile, I know you. I knew you.
I met you in the dry barrenness of the Karoo
That place named by our Khoi ancestors as !Aukraob!
Felt your spirit carried in the reluctant breeze that defied the hot sun
Heard the echo of your angry voice in the Valley of Desolation
Caught the fragrance of your anger and frustration in the fynbos
Tasted your bitterness in the aloes
Heard your love spoken through the prison bars of poverty of our people
Sensed your longing for home in all of your wandering across this land
This land that you described as our hope.
May your spirit roam free
May it touch down in each and every heart and place where freedom struggles to be born
May you continue to nourish our tree of freedom.
Rest In Peace.
You will Rise in Glory.
Hamba Kahle. DM
Ruby Marks serves as South Africa’s High Commissioner to Sri Lanka and Maldives. She was a fellow student with Sandile Dikeni at University of the Western Cape, and they were also members of Sansco during the turbulent 1980s. She writes in her personal capacity.
Graffiti is actually the plural of graffito.