The two-night extravaganza began in the Sambodromo, where 72,000 spectators sat in sweltering heat, with many thousands more milling around outside selling drinks, putting on costumes or simply soaking up the atmosphere because they were unable to get tickets.
Thirteen samba schools from the top division were facing off in a talent contest taken every bit as seriously as the city’s other great love — football.
Each school gets about an hour to parade through the purpose-built stadium with about 3,000 dancers, singers and drummers dressed in over-the-top costumes. Last year, the contest ended in a draw between the Mocidade and Portela schools.
Organizers may not be exaggerating when they claim the parades to be the world’s greatest show.
With breathtakingly complex and dramatic floats, the thunder of drumming and the heated performances of nearly naked female and male dancers, there’s something for everyone.
However, an undercurrent of anger is running through the fun this year, with three of the schools taking openly critical stands against the political and corruption crisis that has engulfed Latin America’s biggest country over the last four years.
– Children killed -Even by Brazil’s deteriorating standards, Rio de Janeiro is in particularly deep financial trouble, while crime in many areas is out of control. Two children were among the dead in shootings last week and a policeman was reported Sunday to have been shot dead in a suburb — the 16th officer killed already this year.
So although 17,000 police have been deployed for the carnival, large parts of Rio, like Rocinha or City of God, are virtual no-go zones for both police and tourists. Locals in those areas, dubbed favelas, have to survive in the crossfire of drug gangs and the security forces.
To make matters worse for the passionate carnival-going public, Mayor Marcelo Crivella — a bishop in the evangelical mega church founded by his billionaire uncle — has cut subsidies to the annual bash in half.
“The schools had to use every trick to find sponsors at the last minute and make miracles for the parade to happen,” said George Damiao, 38, who was taking part in the Imperio Serrano school’s parade.
Unusually for a mayor, Crivella is not even expected to come anywhere near the parades. Although he has not said as much, the snub is widely believed to make clear his distaste for the bared flesh and boozing.
– Vampire and money -But maybe Crivella is wise to keep away after all.
The Mangueira samba school will deliver a ribbing to the religious mayor by emblazoning his name across a float in the form of a huge human backside, according to Brazilian media reports.
Brazilian President Michel Temer — said by polls to be the most unpopular Brazilian president on record — will not get away lightly either: the Paraiso do Tuiuti school is depicting him on a float as Dracula.
“I am vampire who is meant to represent the president of the republic,” said history teacher Leo Morais, 39, as he sat having makeup applied for his role as the undead version of Temer.
Morais, who already had his face painted white and would later don huge black wings, said carnival was a chance for Brazil’s poor to speak out.
“The samba schools have a social role,” he said. “They speak out for ordinary people.”
Paraiso do Tuiuti was also deploying a squadron of people dressed as yellow bath ducks, a symbol of mass demonstrations against corruption and against the government that helped bring down then-president Dilma Rousseff in 2016.
The Beija-Flor samba school will make things even plainer, with dancers dressed as politicians and businessmen behind bars — a nod to the sprawling Car Wash anti-corruption probe that has put many powerful Brazilians in prison. DM
In other news...
South Africa is in a very real battle. A political fight where terms such as truth and democracy can seem more of a suggestion as opposed to a necessity.
On one side of the battle are those openly willing to undermine the sovereignty of a democratic society, completely disregarding the weight and power of the oaths declared when they took office. If their mission was to decrease society’s trust in government - mission accomplished.
And on the other side are those who believe in the ethos of a country whose constitution was once declared the most progressive in the world. The hope that truth, justice and accountability in politics, business and society is not simply fairy tale dust sprinkled in great electoral speeches; but rather a cause that needs to be intentionally acted upon every day.
However, it would be an offensive oversight not to acknowledge that right there on the front lines, alongside whistleblowers and civil society, stand the journalists. Armed with only their determination to inform society and defend the truth, caught in the crossfire of shots fired from both sides.
If you believe in supporting the cause and the work of Daily Maverick then take your position on the battleground and sign up to Maverick Insider today.
For whatever amount you choose, you can support Daily Maverick and it only takes a minute.
"Everything is flux" ~ Heraclitus