The explosion of violence and death at Lonmin’s Marikana operations near Rustenburg threatened to cast a heavy pall over the Cosatu’s elective congress. The confluence of union, company and worker interests at Marikana was the same clash that often dogs the trade union federation’s relationship with the ruling African National Congress. Not only was Marikana a threat to a vital economic interest for the country, it was also a massive challenge for the Cosatu-affiliated National Union of Mineworkers (NUM). As the ruling party, the ANC faced questions about how the police were putting down the unrest.
Several political analysts said before the four-day meeting began that the events of Marikana would surely be of great importance.
“Marikana is going to overshadow the whole proceedings,” said political analyst and author William Gumede.
Stephen Friedman said, “Marikana is a warning. It should remind trade unions [that] unions get out of touch with their members; they become too complacent, as has happened in Cosatu.”
While Marikana was indeed often mentioned on Monday, it wasn’t in the context of self-examination or introspection. Rather, Cosatu’s guests described the mining unrest as an assault upon the tripartite alliance.
It was ANC president Jacob Zuma who set the scene. He defended the police action at Marikana, saying that those who likened it to Apartheid were using the occasion to score political points.
For Zuma to speak in such a situation (some inter-union tensions were still evident when a call to adopt the congress agenda inexplicably bogged down) required easy common ground, and he found it in Marikana.
“Given the levels of violence and intimidation in Marikana, government deployed law enforcement agencies to stabilise the situation. This does not take away the rights of miners and residents to protest, peacefully and unarmed, as provided for in the laws of the land. The agencies have been told to be firm, but to respect the rights of residents and strikers,” he said.
“This applies not only to labour disputes, but also in service delivery protests, which are at times also accompanied by violence – including the destruction of property.”
On Friday, the security cluster ministers announced that they would crack down on illegal gatherings, intimidation and violence in the area. This was followed by a raid on Saturday morning on Nkaneng, near Marikana (the focal point of the Lonmin strike), and the hostels at the Karee mine. Clashes between protesters and police resulted in the latter firing teargas and rubber bullets indiscriminately.
“We appeal to some political party leaders in the country, who have been vocal, to desist from the irresponsible language of comparing the Marikana law enforcement campaign to Apartheid-era measures,” Zuma said.
“They know that what they are saying is not true. They are unashamedly using a tragedy to score political points instead of putting the interests of the workers and the country first.”
At about the same time that Zuma was speaking at Gallagher Estate in Midrand, the police were scuffling in Marikana with expelled ANC Youth League president Julius Malema, who had arrived to speak to the striking miners. He was escorted out of the area after he was refused entry into a stadium where the workers gathered.
SACP boss Blade Nzimande was especially frantic in his criticism of everyone who may have said anything against Zuma’s government at Marikana. The claim that the country is facing a leadership crisis is “an ideological fad aimed at discrediting President Jacob Zuma’s government”, apparently.
In his usual, jargon-laden style, he said that the alliance was under attack from both the DA and Malema.
He said, “Here we see a very clear convergence between the liberal ideological offensive and what we have characterised as the new tendency. Our leadership and movement is being judged through a targeted attack on the movement as a whole, especially Cosatu and the ANC, with a particular focus on the president of the ANC and the republic, comrade Jacob Zuma.”
The point of this attack (at this point he pulled “the media” into this army of haters) was to label the alliance as leaderless and to sow doubt among members.
“The anti-union offensive has intensified and grown more desperate in recent months. It is an offensive supported by sections of imperialism. We have seen the DA attempting to out-Malema Malema by leading a march on Cosatu head-quarters with a rag-tag army of suburbanites and desperate and misguided township youth,” he said.
The communist party supports government’s crackdown in the affected areas, Nzimande said. “The ring-leaders must be dealt with and separated from the mass of misled strikers, many of whom are not actually employees of Lonmin or even workers.”
He then went for Malema: “Those possessed of mysterious wealth, who have never worked a day in their lives, those who were recently anti-unionisation in the army, those who are now happily inciting others to kill and be killed, must be dealt with. We also require a thorough investigation into where their funding is coming from, whether locally or internationally. Any formal structures of the ANC that are collaborating with the so-called Friends of the Youth League must themselves face suspension from our movement.”
“We have given opportunism far too much space and tolerance. Together as an alliance and with our local structures, together with government agencies, we need to help to restore basic norms of safety and security into the lives of our mining communities.”
Cosatu has spent the last five years fighting a bitter battle to save Zuma’s career, and then to campaign for changes in the ANC; the evidence in the platinum sector is that they may have forgotten to fight for worker rights instead. The people whom they are supposed to represent couldn’t have been terribly happy with union service if up to 49% chose to go unrepresented rather than join NUM.
Unfortunately, the question of union performance went unexamined on the first day of the congress. Once again, the question of Zuma’s presidency took precedence. Thanks to the massacre and Malema, the only lens through which the alliance will allow itself to look at Marikana is that of counter-revolutionary insurrection. DM
Photo by Jordi Matas
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