Unicef’s Generation 2030 report projects staggering figures about Africa’s population. Based on current trends, it estimates that by 2050, Africa’s people will double to 2.4 billion, with numbers expected to nearly double again by 2100. Almost two billion babies will be born in the next 35 years, by which time Africa will be host to 40% of the world’s children. By then, too, Africa’s under-18 population will increase by two-thirds, totalling almost one billion. An African demographic dividend – the positive surge of young people in the job market – is possible, but only by equipping citizens with the right skills and with government able to take the right long-term policy decisions. It’s not going to be easy. There’s plenty of competition in creating job opportunities, not least still from Southeast Asia. By GREG MILLS.