In the May 2014 elections, the ANC dropped support in Gauteng by 11 percentage points. There is no way of telling how much e-tolls contributed to this, but it certainly was a contributing factor. Gauteng Premier David Makhura was barely in office when he announced the appointment of an e-tolls advisory panel and in October, the ANC in Gauteng declared that it “does not support the implementation of e-tolls in their current form”. The “new dispensation” announced by Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa has been dressed up as a major concession to pacify those who were opposed to e-tolls. In some ways, it is now even more loathsome to road users. It may result in an even bigger political dilemma for the ANC and its alliance partners. By RANJENI MUNUSAMY.