Leave poor BP alone
- Ivo Vegter
- 18 May 2010 07:50 (South Africa)
Like a fat kid who farted in class, BP is getting bullied by the kind of people who bully their successful but vulnerable peers. Granted, BP did fart, loudly, and in the front row to boot. But does that really merit all the invective that is hurled at it?
After all, oil spills happen. They don't happen nearly as often as they used to, but expecting no accidents at all in any field of human endeavour is to expect the super-human. We should attempt no production, no progress, and no pleasure, if we are unwilling to risk accidents.
We continue flying, even though an occasional aircraft crashes. We continue driving, even though car accidents are relatively common. We live on fault lines and in the shadow of volcanoes, although we know a big one is due. We go shopping, even though we risk muggings or armed robberies. We go hiking and mountain climbing and cycling and rugby playing and sailing and diving, even though we know serious accidents can happen.
Without risk, there would be no reward, and no possibility of prosperity. This is true whether you're a subsistence farmer risking injury, illness, drought and pests, or a corporate banker risking default or a market collapse.
This is not to make light of the Deepwater Horizon oil well blow-out in the Gulf of Mexico. Eleven people died in the disaster, and many more were seriously injured. BP's shareholders have taken a massive knock, and the cost of a clean-up, regulatory fines and civil damages will put a serious dent in the company's coffers.
Oh, wait, you didn't expect to read about the human and economic costs of the accident? I know, the eleven dead workers don't feature prominently in the headlines. Sorry. Let's talk about the birds and the fish, then.
Already, petitions are doing the rounds to call on the US government to halt off-shore drilling and invest in "clean energy" instead.
Citizens are perfectly free to encourage private energy companies to make such investments by, say, actually buying their "clean energy" products, so one wonders why an over-indebted government should spend taxpayers' money on doing what taxpayers choose not to do themselves. But that's a topic on its own.
The global economy is suffering greatly because of the collapse of credit-fuelled bubbles built on government guarantees, easy interest rates, and inflationary monetary policy. Don't think we've seen the worst. The housing crash will likely be followed by a commercial debt crash, and that in turn will be trumped by a global sovereign debt crisis the likes of which we've never seen. Again, the solution – returning to the gold standard and abolishing central banking – is best left for another day.
However, in the teeth of such an economic gale, it is pure lunacy to reject cost-effective and relatively safe forms of energy in favour of expensive alternatives. Doing so will not make the poor any richer.
So, for the purposes of this column, let us accept that fossil fuels are an economic necessity, and will remain so until they become too expensive compared to alternative sources of energy.
Almost everyone I speak to appears to be taking for granted that drilling holes in the ocean floor to extract those necessary fuels is dangerous, irresponsible or undesirable. This notion is, quite frankly, wrong.
For a start, if Americans do not drill off-shore, someone else will. Those people are more likely to be contemptuous of the high-minded niceties demanded by comfortable elites who luxuriate in expensive idealism. Whether in terms of occupational health and safety or in environmental standards, they may not live up to the standards set by the Western oil majors.
That oil drilling is much safer than it used to be should also not be in dispute.
Since the infamous Santa Barbara well blow-out of 1969, which fouled the rich folks' beaches and turned public opinion against offshore oil rigs, the US has drilled over 50 000 wells. Only 13 significant spills have occurred. Of those, only two could be called major, and both of them happened 40 years ago. None caused the kind of damage that the 1969 spill caused. While each spill is a problem, this record does not spell apocalypse.
Compared to drilling accidents, tanker losses account for several times more oil spilt in the oceans. As with production spills, the quantities spilt in the last decade or two are small and declining sharply. The best year of the 1970s was more than twice as bad as the worst year of the last decade. The trend in oil tanker spills is a ringing declaration of the success of prevention efforts and safety standards, contrary to the impression one might get from the dramatic media imagery that goes along with any accident.
Far more oil even than tankers spill ends up in the ocean as a result of routine maintenance. That, in turn, is dwarfed by the amount that reaches the ocean in sewerage and industrial run-off. The latter accounts for more than 20 times the spillage caused by drilling and production.
The Deepwater Horizon spill has a way to go to reach the scale of the biggest disasters. It might get there, in absolute terms, but its location fairly far offshore and the extensive coastal protection measures that have been installed means that a slick is less likely to wash ashore, and is more likely to undergo the dispersal and natural weathering that breaks down all oil in the ocean.
You see, the ocean is no stranger to oil. Natural processes have been breaking down oil long before our own negligence tested this capability. In fact, almost half of all the oil that enters the oceans is not our fault, but is accounted for by natural oil seeps.
One such seep, ironically just off the coast of Santa Barbara, has spewed many times the cargo of the Exxon Valdez into the ocean, where it rises, degrades by a variety of natural processes, and sinks back to the sediment. Such seeps exist all over the ocean floor. Entire mountains of crude oil residue deep underwater recently amazed scientists, who called them "asphalt volcanoes".
Research shows that while disasters such as a major oil spill can cause serious damage in the short term, the recovery of disaster areas is usually swift, and the long-term consequences relatively modest. In fact, it is arguable that we tend to over-react to oil spills, as a report to Congress averred in the wake of the Exxon Valdez spill. Constance Holden, a respected writer for Science magazine from 1970 until she was tragically killed in a bicycle accident last month, wrote an article in 1990 in which she quoted several scientists to this effect. The article was entitled, "Spilled oil looks worse on TV". The scientists she quoted were afraid to be named.
Meanwhile, other natural disasters are creating at least as much havoc. The other rupture in the crust of the earth, the Icelandic mountain better known as "that damned volcano", did a lot more than ground airlines for fear of the all-engine stalls that hit BA Flight 9 near Jakarta, Indonesia in 1982 and KLM Flight 867 near Anchorage, Alaska in 1989.
It threatens to have a significant environmental impact. Like Mount Pinatubo in 1991 – which even had a noticeable effect on the climate – it could cause acid rain and damage the ozone layer.
Lucky that the boreal forests of the northern hemisphere were killed by acid rain in the 1980s to give Wendy Oldfield song material, and the ozone layer was destroyed to benefit the makers of factor 30+ suntan lotion.
Earthquakes, hurricanes, volcanoes, tsunamis, wildfires and floods all cause widespread human and environmental devastation. In Bangladesh, dear mother earth even put arsenic in the drinking water.
The reality is that the environment is often subjected to major upheavals, many of which are not of human origin. No matter the cause, nature recovers what it can recover, and adapts to what it cannot change, as do the people who suffer the consequences of the disasters.
In its proper perspective, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill is bad, but not as apocalyptic as the shrill environmentalists would have you believe.
BP is well aware of how bad it is. It promptly accepted responsibility for the disaster and its consequences. It has hundreds of vessels and tens of thousands of people on the case. No amount of public relations work can help its efforts to contain the spill and undo the damage, but no amount of hysterical anger will make things better either.
Is it guiltless? Not by a long shot. Evidence is already mounting that human negligence had a lot to do with the accident, and the accountability for such errors goes right to the top of BP's management.
However, when humans err, as humans do, the proper response is not to put a stop to human activity. The proper response is to eliminate the errors.
Is the US government blameless? I'd wager it is equally guilty. Besides for the allegations of political corruption that will surface in the aftermath of this disaster, there is a curious "liability cap" in US law which may protect BP, but for which there is little basis in the principles of property law. A company that causes damage to someone else's property should pay equivalent compensation, and BP is no exception.
But let us not go overboard. While it is proper for reporters and commentators to expose mistakes and wrongdoing whenever they happen, presuming evil intent on the part of BP because it is an easy target for popular prejudice is neither useful nor true. That throws the baby out with the bathwater.
Going further, by demanding that oil drilling be halted altogether in the hope of preserving a pristine environment, is worse. It's like keeping the bathwater and throwing out only the baby. Such a step will reduce living standards, impoverish the poor, and ultimately, cost lives.
Deepwater Horizon is the sort of accident that nobody likes to see, but to which resourceful people respond with alacrity, with a desire to minimise the damage, and with a resolve to prevent similar disasters in future.
The record shows that the oil majors are for the most part succeeding in reducing both the number and scale of accidents, be they tanker spillages or oil well blow-outs. They are also getting better at remediation, as the ecological condition of previous spill sites testifies.
No doubt lessons will be learnt from this accident. If you're that cynical, accept that it's only to save oil worker lives in future, or even just to spare oil companies the costs of lost equipment, clean-up costs, criminal penalties and civil suits. There's plenty self-interest right there in doing what customers, regulators and the public at large demand.
For my part, I sympathised with BP's CEO, Tony Hayward, when he said: "What did we do to deserve this?"
Neither BP, nor the eleven workers who died, deserved this.
PS. Last week's column elicited a prompt response from Tammy Evans in the office of Alan Winde, the Western Cape's Minister of Finance, Economic Development and Tourism. Within the limits of the law, she promised that there would be no delay in issuing a new liquor licence in time for the World Cup. She also solicited suggestions on how the Provincial Legislature might consider changing the the law to help other companies in the same situation. The business owner in question was visibly moved at the intervention. This is how government is meant to work: for the people.
- Uber permits as protectionist central planning
- Design your own genetically modified freak show
- 13 ways the media tries to scare you
- Star Trek 50 years on: A vision of hegemony
- The toothless climate change agenda
- Apartheid’s censors ride again
- Only Big Tobacco and Big Pharma want e-cig regulation
- Since when do we believe the tobacco industry?
- The blockchain: How Atlas will shrug
- The mafia bosses and the gambling cartel
- The planet is getting greener
- The tinfoil hat loonies were right all along
- ‘The cheque is in the mail’
- WWF report proves the sustainability of growth
- WWF alarmism raises even green eyebrows
- Chernodeal: Shopping for discount nukes
- Star Trek, 50 years on: A study in sexism
- Let me mansplain statistics to you
- Free the hippies! Don’t ban their drugs!
- Which principle: precaution or progress?
- How to kill a baby, naturally!
- Miserere mei, the Ebocalypse is here!
- Advanced technology or magic?
- Tourism: Still doing okay? Let’s fix that!
- Green-left messiah desperately seeking spin-doctor
- The gun genie and its bottle
- On energy, environment, and regulatory independence
- South Africa’s schools of witchcraft and wizardry
- Grab shale gas opportunity, but avoid opportunism
- It’s about who you don’t vote for
- Free markets as a moderate position
- Voting: there’s still time to change your mind
- Green tech is cool, but not because it’s green
- How Mmusi Maimane swindled a vote out of me
- The case to elect Malema to Parliament
- The intellectual gnome, Chomsky
- If Malema isn’t Pol Pot, is he still dangerous?
- Do Malema's followers understand ‘agrarian reform’?
- Look ma, I'm defending Shell's record in Nigeria!
- Any weather is evidence for global warming
- U-turn prof finds his fracking fears are avoidable
- Ramphele et al: The world according to angry feminists
- On HIV/Aids and scary-big numbers
- Cherry-picking ‘grey literature’ on rhino horn
- 350,000 reasons to kill a black rhino
- Eight myths about libertarians
- New Year’s resolutions for other people
- All I want for Christmas is a fire pool
- In defence of Donald Trump
- My old South African flag
- Fearful Fukushima fiction fatigue
- Do we tolerate private sector corruption?
- In defence of a lion killer
- Save the rare wine and endangered craft beer
- Forever blowing bubbles: shale gas economics
- Promotion and Protection of Investment Bill: When “certainty” means “wait and see”
- This land is my land: a revolution
- The launch of SA's Libertarian Party: herding cats in time for 2014
- The African case against the ICC
- The fossil fuel subsidy myth
- Think of the little fishies!
- The hilariously misunderstood libertarian
- The sickly history of sweeteners
- Pants on fire, but they’re not mine
- The obstructionism of shale gas activists
- How mind-numbing numbers whip up fear
- Why pick on Khanyi Dhlomo?
- Half-measures will fail the rhino
- Malema’s righteous anger... and naïve confusion
- Lottery licence to go to one lucky winner
- Vaccinations: when the state stabs the people
- Do reusable shopping bags kill people?
- The long walk to serfdom
- The Karoo desperately needs development
- The trials of Samson Shuttleworth
- The girl who kicked the hornet’s nest
- Raping the discourse about rape
- Who is the reasonable man?
- Fracking: Debating a big deal
- Who needs the Queen’s English?
- Electric cars: Taking from the poor to give to the rich
- Business Licensing Bill: An indefensible defence
- Red-tape tourism
- The Big Business Bribery Bill
- On Thatcher and society, Vavi and the market
- Extinction: Let’s make up numbers and panic!
- Feeding the world is getting easier
- Stop talking shit: Build your own toilet
- Climate change is pseudo-science
- Anti-competitive competition law
- The Department of Less Government
- An open letter to President Zuma
- In defence of Kim Kardashian
- The world’s weirdest wildlife sanctuary
- Boycott calls are simple-minded
- In defence of vegans
- The population explosion implodes
- Environmental backpedalling picks up pace
- How Mangaung can help and hinder entrepreneurs
- The elusive libertarian enclave
- The Gathering: Ivo Vegter
- The hidden overemployment crisis
- The case for constructive environmentalism
- Privatise the Western Cape's shacks
- Tenders: Not open to employees or their families
- Hurricanes fuel climate sensationalism
- Next: Gross-out warnings on food
- No new deal: The failure of Zumanomics
- Benoni has a bright idea
- Was I wrong about acid rain?
- Public food gardens: Where dumb ideas thrive
- Rethinking the costly food label madness
- Give hunting a chance
- Fracking gets green light, but here's the risk
- Socialists, bless 'em, visit Cape Town
- Buy a 1Time ticket now
- Give the ANC credit where credit is due
- The myth of the competent apartheid government
- It's a disaster that 'peak oil' is not a disaster
- No Gravy: a label for sustainable business
- This lightbulb's going to blow
- Smokers? Get 'em up against the wall!
- Inflating the obesity scare
- Bring a Shotgun to School Day
- GMOs: Hacking genes to feed the world
- The hidden dangers of charity
- Fracking: the unread paper debated
- Fracking: The “U-turn” paper nobody has read
- Eco-cronyism is as dangerous as any other
- SKA: Be grateful Karoo residents didn't object
- Energy: Get cracking on fracking
- Fair trade, unfair trade-off
- Casual labour is only bad for Vavi's unions
- 'Externalities', the catch-all justification for regulation
- 'Externalities', the catch-all justification for regulation
- How do we fix our dismal education?
- Barter: the rebirth of sound money
- Rights are not entitlements
- Debunking 'limits to growth' inanities
- Tax: Why align with "most other countries"?
- Newspaper sensationalism doesn't help rhinos
- Rolling Stone reprises Gasland's fracking fantasies
- Cosatu's manipulative march move
- Why do 16 million people not constitute an economy?
- The age of smear politics
- Does fracking cause earthquakes?
- The Chinese model is morbidly obese
- Green tech: doubling down on a losing bet
- Rape, pornography, and hell's grannies
- Petrol taxes won't hurt the poor
- Jailtime mooted for bad weather warnings
- Let's ban bans, and start with CITES
- In defence of overpaid sport stars
- On the death of Kim Jong-Il
- COP17: Let's ban fire
- Cancer gets you when nothing else can
- COP17: The 'party on' agenda
- COP17: The Blue Line of Death
- New seven natural inanities
- Occupiers' anger is all that makes sense
- The Luddites and Technocrats live on
- Malema marches for economic slavery
- Profitable purveyors of pudendal prettiness
- Sense? Us?
- If they want rhino horn, let's sell them some
- "Stimulate" economy by ending telco abuses
- Executive pay makes nobody poorer
- Malema's real persecution
- Mogoeng: Lock up your daughters
- Don't mandate insurance, deregulate healthcare
- I sympathise with Malema's persecution complex
- Short selling: panicked pols ban proof of failure
- Don't blame those who saw it coming
- What's obscene about profit?
- In defence of Bombela
- Dear president Zuma, you are not above the law
- The economics of love
- Treasure the Karoo? Ban the SKA!
- Malema is right, you know
- Gautrain's PPP: political patronage profiteering
- Kumi Naidoo is no hero
- LeadSA fails to lead when it matters
- No logo means carte blanche
- The drug war: dopey but dangerous
- A response to fracking critics
- Don't vote. It's your right.
- Welcome Walmart
- If you're happy and you know it clap your hands
- Buy local, support poverty
- Ubuntu, the free-market way
- Karoo fracking scandal exposed!
- I'm ashamed for my profession
- The bill of bunkum
- Being gay: a brand new concept!
- Who's afraid of the nuclear wolf?
- The nationalisation canard
- Ogilvy should grow a spine
- The new robber barons
- A classy revolution: Why we cared
- Bombastic Bombela balks
- Liberty is more than mere democracy
- Gautrain has a law unto itself
- The irony of 'services for all'
- How to hire a hitman in SA
- Arrive alive and neurotic
- The oppression of taxis
- Protection of Information Bill and why WikiLeaks is so dangerous
- Fifa, Russia and Qatar deserve each other
- One day, we'll all hate WikiLeaks
- The cycling mafia strikes again
- What Julius got for Christmas
- Let's return the beads
- Away with fascist seat belt laws
- Tintin Mbeki in the Sudan
- How the ANC can make everyone happy
- Currency: the race to the bottom.
- Hurrah for national healthcare!
- Give Zimbabweans citizenship
- Carte Blanche has no carte blanche
- That finger-licking, lip-smacking taste
- Bomb the barbaric lot already
- Green tax: another raid is coming
- Do strikers deserve anything?
- The media will lose this battle
- Global warmism needs a fisking
- A glass half-full
- Go ahead, have a baby
- Stop the handouts - end xenophobia
- The right to fire
- FIFA's heart of darkness
- Have some self-respect
- I ordered an orange skirt
- Secretly, Match blames South Africa
- The stupendous Gautrain: a rare marvel!
- The Fifa conquistadors are coming!
- What's wrong with everyone?
- Leave poor BP alone
- The destructive power of government
- The bonsai economy
- The darkness of Africa
- Who is ripping off whom?
- Anatomy of a whitewash
- While FIFA takes over, we fight
- The pointless pretence of Earth Hour
- Ten reasons to reject climate alarmism
- Really, boycott the FIFA farce
- The climate dominoes fall
- Lessons in ethics from Dick Cheney
- Screw the consumer
- In defence of bankers
- Break the banking cartel
- Julius Malema, the walking contradiction
- Boycott FIFA
- Climate clarity
- In defence of Boney M
- Pray Copenhagen fails
- Capitalism is not unkind
- Climate fraud kills people
- Pop goes the hot air balloon
- Peace, love and schadenfreude
- The irony of the left
- Too late to cool it?
- Going cold turkey